OMIA 000202-8022 : Coat colour, albinism in Oncorhynchus mykiss

In other species: domestic cat , cattle , dog , rabbit , sheep , Sumatran tiger , western chorus frog , grass carp , golden hamster , gray short-tailed opossum , raccoon , meadow voles , water buffalo , Arizona pocket mouse , nutria , eastern chipmunk , rufous rat-kangaroo , hippopotamus , hares , northern pocket gopher , North American deer mouse , ass , Japanese medaka , brown bear , American mink , grivet , goldfish , Campbell's desert hamster , humpback whale , axolotl , African clawed frog , turkey vulture , American black bear , domestic ferret , pig , domestic guinea pig , Tufted capuchin , dark-spotted frog , Japanese wrinkled frog , Rice frog , Bornean orangutan , lion , Mongolian gerbil , red fox , hamadryas baboon

Possibly relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s) (MIM number): 203100

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Mode of inheritance: Autosomal Dominant

Considered a defect: yes

Key variant known: no

Cross-species summary: Congenital lack of pigment in all parts of the body. Due to a non-functional form of the enzyme tyrosinase. Also known as Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA)


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.
2004 Boonanuntanasarn, S., Yoshizaki, G., Iwai, K., Takeuchi, T. :
Molecular cloning, gene expression in albino mutants and gene knockdown studies of tyrosinase mRNA in rainbow trout. Pigment Cell Res 17:413-21, 2004. Pubmed reference: 15250944. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0749.2004.00166.x.
2001 Nakamura, K., Ozaki, A., Akutsu, T., Iwai, K., Sakamoto, T., Yoshizaki, G., Okamoto, N. :
Genetic mapping of the dominant albino locus in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Mol Genet Genomics 265:687-93, 2001. Pubmed reference: 11459189.
2000 Galbreath, P.F., Plemmons, B.P. :
Mottled coloration in a rainbow trout is associated with mosaicism for albinism Journal of Heredity 91:405-407, 2000. Pubmed reference: 10994710.
1995 Thorgaard, G.H., Spruell, P., Wheeler, P.A., Scheerer, P.D., Peek, A.S., Valentine, J.J., Hilton, B. :
Incidence of albinos as a monitor for induced triploidy in rainbow trout Aquaculture 137:121-130, 1995.
1904 Pettis, C.R. :
Albino brook trout Science 19:867-8, 1904. Pubmed reference: 17812857. DOI: 10.1126/science.19.492.867.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2005
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 07 Dec 2011