OMIA 000202-8355 : Coat colour, albinism in Xenopus laevis

In other species: domestic cat , cattle , dog , rabbit , sheep , Sumatran tiger , western chorus frog , grass carp , golden hamster , gray short-tailed opossum , raccoon , meadow voles , water buffalo , Arizona pocket mouse , nutria , eastern chipmunk , rufous rat-kangaroo , hippopotamus , hares , northern pocket gopher , North American deer mouse , ass , Japanese medaka , rainbow trout , brown bear , American mink , grivet , goldfish , Campbell's desert hamster , humpback whale , axolotl , turkey vulture , American black bear , domestic ferret , pig , domestic guinea pig , Tufted capuchin , dark-spotted frog , Japanese wrinkled frog , Rice frog , Bornean orangutan , lion , Mongolian gerbil

Possibly relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s) (MIM number): 203100

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Mode of inheritance: Autosomal Recessive

Considered a defect: yes

Key variant known: no

Cross-species summary: Congenital lack of pigment in all parts of the body. Due to a non-functional form of the enzyme tyrosinase. Also known as Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA)

References


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.
1982 Seldenrijk, R., Huijsman, K.G., Heussen, A.M., van de Veerdonk, F.C. :
A comparative ultrastructural and physiological study on melanophores of wild-type and periodic albino mutants of Xenopus laevis. Cell Tissue Res 222:1-9, 1982. Pubmed reference: 6800656.
1976 Wyllie, A.H., De Robertis, E.M. :
High tyrosinase activity in albino Xenopus laevis oocytes. J Embryol Exp Morphol 36:555-9, 1976. Pubmed reference: 827598.

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  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 07 Dec 2011