OMIA:001565-9913 : Abortion and stillbirth, MIMT1-related in Bos taurus (taurine cattle)

Categories: Mortality / aging (incl. embryonic lethal)

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Considered a defect: yes

Key variant known: yes

Year key variant first reported: 2010

Molecular basis: Flisikowski et al. (2010) described a Finnish Ayrshire bull with an incidence of almost 50% of late abortion/stillbirth in his progeny. A half-sib linkage analysis with the BovineSNP50 BeadChip implicated the maternally imprinted PEG3 domain on chromosome BTA18. Genes in this region are not expressed when inherited from the female parent. Close examination of this region disclosed that this bull was heterozygous for a 110 kb deletion in the MIMT1 gene. All of his offspring will have received a non-functional (maternally imprinted) version of this gene from their dam. The 50% of his offspring that receive the deletion from the bull will therefore have no functional MIMT1 gene. The vast majority of these offspring die in late pregnancy, resulting in late abortion/stillbirth. From a gene-expression study in affected and normal foetuses, Flisikowski et al. (2012) implicated a number of genes, especially NRSP1, which encodes neuropeptide S receptor 1.

Breed: Ayrshire (Cattle) (VBO_0000120).
Breeds in which the phene has been documented. (If a likely causal variant has been documented for the phene, see the variant table breeds in which the variant has been reported).

Associated gene:

Symbol Description Species Chr Location OMIA gene details page Other Links
MIMT1 MER1 repeat containing imprinted transcript 1 (non-protein coding) Bos taurus - no genomic information (-..-) MIMT1 Homologene, Ensembl , NCBI gene


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WARNING! Inclusion of a variant in this table does not automatically mean that it should be used for DNA testing. Anyone contemplating the use of any of these variants for DNA testing should examine critically the relevant evidence (especially in breeds other than the breed in which the variant was first described). If it is decided to proceed, the location and orientation of the variant sequence should be checked very carefully.

Since October 2021, OMIA includes a semiautomated lift-over pipeline to facilitate updates of genomic positions to a recent reference genome position. These changes to genomic positions are not always reflected in the ‘acknowledgements’ or ‘verbal description’ fields in this table.

OMIA Variant ID Breed(s) Variant Phenotype Gene Allele Type of Variant Source of Genetic Variant Reference Sequence Chr. g. or m. c. or n. p. Verbal Description EVA ID Year Published PubMed ID(s) Acknowledgements
644 Ayrshire (Cattle) Abortion and stillbirth due to mutation in MIMT1 MIMT1 deletion, gross (>20) Naturally occurring variant 18 a 110 kb deletion in the MIMT1 gene 2010 21152099

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2023). OMIA:001565-9913: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

2013 Venhoranta, H., Bauersachs, S., Taponen, J., Lohi, H., Taira, T., Andersson, M., Kind, A., Schnieke, A., Flisikowski, K. :
Fetal growth restriction caused by MIMT1 deletion alters brain transcriptome in cattle. Int J Dev Neurosci 31:463-7, 2013. Pubmed reference: 23726833. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijdevneu.2013.05.003.
2012 Flisikowski, K., Venhoranta, H., Bauersachs, S., Hänninen, R., Fürst, R.W., Saalfrank, A., Ulbrich, S.E., Taponen, J., Lohi, H., Wolf, E., Kind, A., Andersson, M., Schnieke, A. :
Truncation of MIMT1 gene in the PEG3 domain leads to major changes in placental gene expression and stillbirth in cattle. Biol Reprod 87:140, 2012. Pubmed reference: 23100617. DOI: 10.1095/biolreprod.112.104240.
2010 Flisikowski, K., Venhoranta, H., Nowacka-Woszuk, J., McKay, SD., Flyckt, A., Taponen, J., Schnabel, R., Schwarzenbacher, H., Szczerbal, I., Lohi, H., Fries, R., Taylor, JF., Switonski, M., Andersson, M. :
A novel mutation in the maternally imprinted PEG3 domain results in a loss of MIMT1 expression and causes abortions and stillbirths in cattle (Bos taurus). PLoS One 5:e15116, 2010. Pubmed reference: 21152099. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0015116.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 17 May 2011
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 05 Sep 2011
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 09 Dec 2011
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 17 May 2013
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 08 Oct 2023