OMIA:001701-9031 : Feather colour, blue in Gallus gallus (chicken)

In other species: budgerigar

Categories: Pigmentation phene

Links to MONDO diseases: No links.

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Mode of inheritance: Autosomal recessive

Considered a defect: no

Key variant known: no

Species-specific description: Andersson et al. (2020): "Blue dilution is another example of a ‘historic’ mutation, used by Bateson and Punnett (1906) to illustrate intermediate dominance. Blue is defined as a characteristic of the Blue Andalusian breed (Lippincott, 1918). In contrast to lavender, the Blue allele (BL*B) modifies only eumelanin (Bohren et al., 1943)."

Breeds: Andalusian (Chicken) (VBO_0000442), Rhode Island Red (Chicken) (VBO_0000599), White Leghorn (Chicken) (VBO_0000646).
Breeds in which the phene has been documented. For breeds in which a likely causal variant has been documented, see the variant table below

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2023). OMIA:001701-9031: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

2020 Andersson, L., Bed’hom, B., Chuong, CM., Inaba, M.Inaba, M., Okimoto, R.Okimoto, R., Tixier-Boichard, M. :
The genetic basis for pigmentation phenotypes in poultry In S. E. Aggrey, H. Zhou, M. Tixier-Boichard, & D. D. Rhoads (Eds.), Advances in Poultry Genetics and Genomics. Cambridge, UK: Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing. :, 2020.
2010 Minvielle, F., Bed'hom, B., Coville, JL., Ito, S., Inoue-Murayama, M., Gourichon, D. :
The "silver" Japanese quail and the MITF gene: causal mutation, associated traits and homology with the "blue" chicken plumage. BMC Genet 11:15, 2010. Pubmed reference: 20184729 . DOI: 10.1186/1471-2156-11-15.
1979 Wilkins, L.M., Brumbaugh, J.A. :
Complementation and noncomplementation in heterokaryons of three unlinked pigment mutants of the fowl. Somatic Cell Genet 5:427-40, 1979. Pubmed reference: 494058 .
1969 Smith, L.T. :
On the allelism of blue plumage and dominant white. Poult Sci 48:346-7, 1969. Pubmed reference: 5389850 .
1949 Warren, DC. :
Linkage relations of autosomal factors in the fowl. Genetics 34:333-50, 1949. Pubmed reference: 17247319 .
1943 Bohren, B.B., Conrad, R.M., Warren, D.C. :
A chemical and histological study of the feather pigments of the domestic fowl. Am. Nat. 77:481–518, 1943.
1918 Lippincott, W.A. :
The case of the Blue Andalousian. Am. Nat. 52:95–115, 1918.
1906 Bateson, W., Punnett, R.C. :
Experimental studies in the physiology of heredity – poultry. Rep. Evol. Comm. Roy. Soc. III :11-30, 1906.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Jul 2012
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 10 Nov 2023