OMIA:002022-9913 : Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, CHRNB1-related in Bos taurus (taurine cattle)

Categories: Muscle phene

Possibly relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s)s (MIM numbers): 616314 (trait) , 616313 (trait) , 100710 (gene)

Links to MONDO diseases:

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Mode of inheritance: Autosomal recessive

Considered a defect: yes

Key variant known: yes

Year key variant first reported: 2016

Inheritance: Agerholm et al. (2016) provided pedigree evidence consistent with autosomal recessive inheritance.

Mapping: Agerholm et al. (2016): "a single genomic region of extended homozygosity of 21.5 Mb on chromosome 19"

Molecular basis: Agerholm et al. (2016): "a single base deletion in the first exon of CHRNB1 (c.55delG) introducing a premature stop codon (p.Ala19Profs47*) in the second exon, truncating 96 % of the protein."

Genetic engineering: Unknown
Have human generated variants been created, e.g. through genetic engineering and gene editing

Breed: Red Dane (Cattle) (VBO_0000353).
Breeds in which the phene has been documented. For breeds in which a likely causal variant has been documented, see the variant table below

Associated gene:

Symbol Description Species Chr Location OMIA gene details page Other Links
CHRNB1 cholinergic receptor, nicotinic beta 1 Bos taurus 19 NC_037346.1 (27121908..27132655) CHRNB1 Homologene, Ensembl , NCBI gene


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WARNING! Inclusion of a variant in this table does not automatically mean that it should be used for DNA testing. Anyone contemplating the use of any of these variants for DNA testing should examine critically the relevant evidence (especially in breeds other than the breed in which the variant was first described). If it is decided to proceed, the location and orientation of the variant sequence should be checked very carefully.

Since October 2021, OMIA includes a semiautomated lift-over pipeline to facilitate updates of genomic positions to a recent reference genome position. These changes to genomic positions are not always reflected in the ‘acknowledgements’ or ‘verbal description’ fields in this table.

OMIA Variant ID Breed(s) Variant Phenotype Gene Allele Type of Variant Source of Genetic Variant Reference Sequence Chr. g. or m. c. or n. p. Verbal Description EVA ID Inferred EVA rsID Year Published PubMed ID(s) Acknowledgements
554 Red Dane (Cattle) Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, CHRNB1-related CHRNB1 deletion, small (<=20) Naturally occurring variant ARS-UCD1.2 19 g.27122027del c.55del p.(A19Pfs47*) Published as Chr19:27757270CG > C; CHRNB1 c.55delG; (p.Ala19Profs47*) 2016 27364156 The genomic location on ARS-UCD1.2 was determined by Katie Eager and Shernae Woolley, EMAI, NSW. Department of Primary Industries.

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2016). OMIA:002022-9913: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


2016 Agerholm, J.S., McEvoy, F.J., Menzi, F., Jagannathan, V., Drögemüller, C. :
A CHRNB1 frameshift mutation is associated with familial arthrogryposis multiplex congenita in Red dairy cattle. BMC Genomics 17:479, 2016. Pubmed reference: 27364156. DOI: 10.1186/s12864-016-2832-x.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 04 Aug 2016
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 04 Aug 2016