OMIA 000044-9913 : Anencephaly/Exencephaly in Bos taurus

In other species: greater Indian rhinoceros , sheep , Indo-pacific bottlenose dolphin

Possibly relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s)s (MIM numbers): 182940 (trait) , 206500 (trait) , 301410 (trait) , 619452 (trait)

Mendelian trait/disorder: unknown

Considered a defect: yes

Cross-species summary: Congenital absence of the cranial vault, with the cerebral hemispheres completely missing or reduced to small masses. This phene was originally called anencephaly, but a recent review suggested that the term anencephaly/exencephaly is more appropriate.


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.
1986 Hiraga, T., Abe, M. :
Anencephaly and other congenital defects in a calf. Nihon Juigaku Zasshi 48:595-8, 1986. Pubmed reference: 3755481.
1978 Cho, D.Y., Leipold, H.W. :
Anencephaly in calves. Cornell Vet 68:60-9, 1978. Pubmed reference: 618715.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2005
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 05 Oct 2011