OMIA:000213-89462 : Coat colour, white in Bubalus bubalis (water buffalo)

In other species: domestic cat , sika deer , franciscana , Bengal tiger

Categories: Pigmentation phene

Links to possible relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s) in OMIM: 600201 (gene) , 606202 (gene) , 184745 (gene)

Mendelian trait/disorder: unknown

Considered a defect: no

Year key variant first reported: 2020

Molecular basis: Liang et al. (2020) reported a "2,809-bp-long LINE-1 insertion in the ASIP (agouti signaling protein) gene is . . . [a] causative mutation for the white coat phenotype in swamp buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). This LINE-1 insertion (3' truncated and containing only 5' UTR) functions as a strong proximal promoter that leads to a 10-fold increase in the transcription of ASIP in white buffalo skin. The 165 bp of 5' UTR transcribed from the LINE-1 is spliced into the first coding exon of ASIP, resulting in a chimeric transcript. The increased expression of ASIP prevents melanocyte maturation, leading to the absence of pigment in white buffalo skin and hairs."

Associated gene:

Symbol Description Species Chr Location OMIA gene details page Other Links
ASIP agouti signaling protein Bubalus bubalis 14 NC_059170.1 (20091365..19998890) ASIP Homologene, Ensembl , NCBI gene


By default, variants are sorted chronologically by year of publication, to provide a historical perspective. Readers can re-sort on any column by clicking on the column header. Click it again to sort in a descending order. To create a multiple-field sort, hold down Shift while clicking on the second, third etc relevant column headers.

WARNING! Inclusion of a variant in this table does not automatically mean that it should be used for DNA testing. Anyone contemplating the use of any of these variants for DNA testing should examine critically the relevant evidence (especially in breeds other than the breed in which the variant was first described). If it is decided to proceed, the location and orientation of the variant sequence should be checked very carefully.

Since October 2021, OMIA includes a semiautomated lift-over pipeline to facilitate updates of genomic positions to a recent reference genome position. These changes to genomic positions are not always reflected in the ‘acknowledgements’ or ‘verbal description’ fields in this table.

OMIA Variant ID Breed(s) Variant Phenotype Gene Allele Type of Variant Source of Genetic Variant Reference Sequence Chr. g. or m. c. or n. p. Verbal Description EVA ID Year Published PubMed ID(s) Acknowledgements
1270 White ASIP insertion, gross (>20) Naturally occurring variant UOA_WB_1 14 "2,809-bp-long LINE-1 insertion in the ASIP (agouti signaling protein) gene" (Liang et al. (2020) 2021 33212507

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2020). OMIA:000213-89462: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

2021 Liang, D., Zhao, P., Si, J., Fang, L., Pairo-Castineira, E., Hu, X., Xu, Q., Hou, Y., Gong, Y., Liang, Z., Tian, B., Mao, H., Yindee, M., Faruque, M.O., Kongvongxay, S., Khamphoumee, S., Liu, G.E., Wu, D.D., Barker, J.S.F., Han, J., Zhang, Y. :
Genomic analysis revealed a convergent evolution of LINE-1 in coat color: A case study in water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Mol Biol Evol 38:1122-1136, 2021. Pubmed reference: 33212507. DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msaa279.
1962 Rife, D.C. :
Color and horn variations in water buffalo. The inheritance of coat color, eye color and shape of horns. J Hered 53:239-46, 1962. Pubmed reference: 13973831.
1959 Rife, D.C., Buranamanus, P. :
Inheritance of white coat color in the water buffalo of Thailand Journal of Heredity 50:269-270, 1959. DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.jhered.a106923.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2005
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 20 Aug 2020
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 26 Nov 2020