OMIA:000313-9913 : Congenital dyserythropoietic anaemia with dyskeratosis and progressive alopecia in Bos taurus (taurine cattle)

Categories: Haematopoietic system phene

Links to possible relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s) in OMIM: 105600 (trait) , 224100 (trait) , 224120 (trait) , 613673 (trait)

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Mode of inheritance: Autosomal recessive

Considered a defect: yes

Key variant known: no

Cross-species summary: CDA with dyskeratosis and progressive alopecia

History: This disorder was first reported by Steffen et al. (1991).

Inheritance: Steffen et al. (1993) provided strong evidence for autosomal recessive inheritance of this disorder in Poll Herefords in the USA. Kessell et al. (2012) provided the first report in Australia (in two Poll Hereford calves) of what appears to be the same disorder.

Clinical features: The two calves reported by Kessell et al. (2012) "had a variably severe anaemia, associated with abnormal nucleated red blood cells in peripheral blood, and large numbers of rubricytes and metarubricytes with a characteristic nuclear ultrastructure in the bone marrow. Both calves were born with a wiry hair coat and a progressively ‘dirty-faced’ appearance associated with hyperkeratosis and dyskeratosis (apoptosis)".

Breed: Polled Hereford (Cattle) (VBO_0000341).
Breeds in which the phene has been documented. (If a likely causal variant has been documented for the phene, see the variant table breeds in which the variant has been reported).

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2012). OMIA:000313-9913: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

2012 Kessell, A., Hanshaw, D., Finnie, J., Nosworthy, P. :
Congenital dyserythropoietic anaemia and dyskeratosis in Australian Poll Hereford calves. Aust Vet J 90:499-504, 2012. Pubmed reference: 23186092. DOI: 10.1111/j.1751-0813.2012.00998.x.
1994 Burton, S.A., Ikede, B.O., Lofstedt, J., Keefe, G.P., Miller, L.M. :
Congenital dyserythropoiesis and dyskeratosis in a polled Hereford calf. Can Vet J 35:519-20, 1994. Pubmed reference: 7954229.
1993 Steffen, D.J., Leipold, H.W., Schalles, R., Kemp, K., Smith, J.E. :
Epidemiologic Findings in Congenital Anemia, Dyserythropoiesis, and Dyskeratosis in Polled Hereford Calves Journal of Heredity 84:263-265, 1993. Pubmed reference: 8340614.
1992 Steffen, D.J., Leipold, H.W., Elliott, G.S., Smith, J.E. :
Ultrastructural Findings in Congenital Anemia, Dyskeratosis, and Progressive Alopecia in Polled Hereford Calves Veterinary Pathology 29:203-209, 1992. Pubmed reference: 1621331.
Steffen, D.J., Elliott, G.S., Leipold, H.W., Smith, J.E. :
Congenital Dyserythropoiesis and Progressive Alopecia in Polled Hereford Calves - Hematologic, Biochemical, Bone Marrow Cytologic, Electrophoretic, and Flow Cytometric Findings Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 4:31-37, 1992. Pubmed reference: 1348189.
1991 Steffen, D.J., Leipold, H.W., Gibb, J., Smith, J.E. :
Congenital Anemia, Dyskeratosis, and Progressive Alopecia in Polled Hereford Calves Veterinary Pathology 28:234-240, 1991. Pubmed reference: 1858254.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2005
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 18 Dec 2012
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 28 Dec 2012