OMIA 000963-9823 : Syndactyly (mule foot) in Sus scrofa

In other species: domestic cat , cattle , sheep , dog , chicken , tammar wallaby , Swainson's hawk

Possibly relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s)s (MIM numbers): 212780 (trait) , 186100 (trait) , 186200 (trait) , 186300 (trait)

Mendelian trait/disorder: unknown

Considered a defect: yes

Cross-species summary: Fusion of the claws (cleats or digits). Occurs in one, two, three or (rarely) four legs.


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.
2016 Justolin, P.L., Rahal, S.C., Agostinho, F.S., Mamprim, M.J., Teixeira, C.R., Doiche, D.P., Babicsak, V.R. :
Radiographic and computed tomographic evaluation and gait analysis of Brazilian minipigs with syndactyly. Am J Vet Res 77:976-982, 2016. Pubmed reference: 27580109. DOI: 10.2460/ajvr.77.9.976.
1972 Leipold, H.W., Dennis, S.M. :
Syndactyly in a pig Cornell Veterinarian 62:269-273, 1972. Pubmed reference: 4336933.
1953 Leinati, L., Telesforo, B. :
[Observations on a certain variety of malformation of the foot (Syndactylia) in pigs of the 'Casco de Mula' breed (Uniungular pigs) in Colombia] Proceedings of the Fifteenth International Veterinary Congress, Stockholm 2:907-913, 1953.
1921 Detlefsen, J.A., Carmichael, W.J. :
Inheritance of syndactylism, black and dilution in swine Journal of Agricultural Research 20:595-604, 1921.
1908 Simpson, Q.I., Simpson, J.P. :
Genetics in swine hybrids Science 27:941 only, 1908.
1889 Auld, R.C. :
Some cases of solid-hoofed hogs and two-toed horses American Naturalist 23:447-449, 1889.

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  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2005