OMIA:000985-9913 : Teat / nipple, number in Bos taurus

In other species: pig , llama , goat , sheep , rabbit , alpaca

Categories: Endocrine / exocrine gland phene (incl mammary gland)

Possibly relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s) (MIM number): 163700 (trait)

Links to MONDO diseases: No links.

Mendelian trait/disorder: no

Mode of inheritance: Multifactorial

Considered a defect: yes

Key variant known: no

Cross-species summary: Also known as supernumerary teats, multi-nippled, polymastia and hyperthelia

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2021). OMIA:000985-9913: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

2021 Bovo, S., Schiavo, G., Kazemi, H., Moscatelli, G., Ribani, A., Ballan, M., Bonacini, M., Prandi, M., Dall'Olio, S., Fontanesi, L. :
Exploiting within-breed variability in the autochthonous Reggiana breed identified several candidate genes affecting pigmentation-related traits, stature and udder defects in cattle. Anim Genet 52:579-97, 2021. Pubmed reference: 34182594 . DOI: 10.1111/age.13109.
Wen, H., Luo, H., Yang, M., Augustino, S.M.A., Wang, D., Mi, S., Guo, Y., Zhang, Y., Xiao, W., Wang, Y., Yu, Y. :
Genetic parameters and weighted single-step genome-wide association study for supernumerary teats in Holstein cattle. J Dairy Sci :, 2021. Pubmed reference: 34482976 . DOI: 10.3168/jds.2020-19943.
2017 Butty, A.M., Frischknecht, M., Gredler, B., Neuenschwander, S., Moll, J., Bieber, A., Baes, C.F., Seefried, F.R. :
Genetic and genomic analysis of hyperthelia in Brown Swiss cattle. J Dairy Sci 100:402-411, 2017. Pubmed reference: 27865493 . DOI: 10.3168/jds.2016-11420.
2016 Martin, P., Palhière, I., Tosser-Klopp, G., Rupp, R. :
Heritability and genome-wide association mapping for supernumerary teats in French Alpine and Saanen dairy goats. J Dairy Sci 99:8891-8900, 2016. Pubmed reference: 27544860 . DOI: 10.3168/jds.2016-11210.
2014 Joerg, H., Meili, C., Ruprecht, O., Bangerter, E., Burren, A., Bigler, A. :
A genome-wide association study reveals a QTL influencing caudal supernumerary teats in Holstein cattle. Anim Genet :, 2014. Pubmed reference: 25204440 . DOI: 10.1111/age.12215.
2012 Pausch, H., Jung, S., Edel, C., Emmerling, R., Krogmeier, D., Götz, K.U., Fries, R. :
Genome-wide association study uncovers four QTL predisposing to supernumerary teats in cattle. Anim Genet 43:689-95, 2012. Pubmed reference: 22497297 . DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2052.2012.02340.x.
2002 Brka, M., Reinsch, N., Kalm, E. :
Frequency and heritability of supernumerary teats in German Simmental and German Brown Swiss cows Journal of Dairy Science 85:1881-1886, 2002. Pubmed reference: 12201539 . DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(02)74262-8.
Brka, M., Reinsch, N., Kalm, E. :
Is there linkage between supernumerary teats in cattle and BTA3 markers? Archiv fur Tierzucht-Archives of Animal Breeding 45:429-432, 2002.
2000 Brka, M., Reinsch, N., Kalm, E. :
Determination of the inheritance pattern of hyperthelia in cattle by maximum likelihood analysis Journal of Animal Breeding & Genetics-Zeitschrift fur Tierzuchtung und Zuchtungsbiologie 117:425-431, 2000.
1982 Oppong, E.N., Canacoo, E.A. :
Supernumerary teats in Ghanaian livestock: II. Cattle. Beitr Trop Landwirtsch Veterinarmed 20:303-7, 1982. Pubmed reference: 7181838 .
1960 Skjervold, H. :
Supernumerary teats in cattle Hereditas 46:71-74, 1960.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2005
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 04 Dec 2020
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 01 Jul 2021
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 17 Sep 2021