OMIA:001007-9031 : Tibial dyschondroplasia in Gallus gallus (chicken)

In other species: turkey

Categories: Skeleton phene (incl. short stature & teeth)

Links to MONDO diseases: No links.

Mendelian trait/disorder: unknown

Considered a defect: yes

Genetic engineering: Unknown
Have human generated variants been created, e.g. through genetic engineering and gene editing

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2022). OMIA:001007-9031: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

2023 Liu, K.L., He, Y.F., Xu, B.W., Lin, L.X., Chen, P., Iqbal, M.K., Mehmood, K., Huang, S.C. :
Leg disorders in broiler chickens: a review of current knowledge. Anim Biotechnol :1-15, 2023. Pubmed reference: 37850850. DOI: 10.1080/10495398.2023.2270000.
Nawaz, S., Kulyar, M.F., Mo, Q., Yao, W., Iqbal, M., Li, J. :
Homeostatic regulation of pro-angiogenic and anti-angiogenic proteins via hedgehog, notch grid, and ephrin signaling in tibial dyschondroplasia. Animals (Basel) 13:3750, 2023. Pubmed reference: 38136788. DOI: 10.3390/ani13243750.
2022 Jahejo, A.R., Bukhari, S.A.R., Rajput, N., Kalhoro, N.H., Leghari, I.H., Raza, S.H.A., Li, Z., Liu, W.Z., Tian, W.X. :
Transcriptome-based biomarker gene screening and evaluation of the extracellular fatty acid-binding protein (Ex-FABP) on immune and angiogenesis-related genes in chicken erythrocytes of tibial dyschondroplasia. BMC Genomics 23:323, 2022. Pubmed reference: 35459093. DOI: 10.1186/s12864-022-08494-9.
2021 Jahejo, A.R., Tian, W.X. :
Cellular, molecular and genetical overview of avian tibial dyschondroplasia. Res Vet Sci 135:569-579, 2021. Pubmed reference: 33066991. DOI: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2020.10.002.
Wang, C.Y., Xia, W.H., Wang, L., Wang, Z.Y. :
Manganese deficiency induces avian tibial dyschondroplasia by inhibiting chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation. Res Vet Sci 140:164-170, 2021. Pubmed reference: 34481207. DOI: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2021.08.018.
2013 Tian, W.X., Li, J.K., Qin, P., Wang, R., Ning, G.B., Qiao, J.G., Li, H.Q., Bi, D.R., Pan, S.Y., Guo, D.Z. :
Screening of differentially expressed genes in the growth plate of broiler chickens with Tibial Dyschondroplasia by microarray analysis. BMC Genomics 14:276, 2013. Pubmed reference: 23617778. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2164-14-276.
2012 Kapell, D.N., Hill, W.G., Neeteson, A.M., McAdam, J., Koerhuis, A.N., Avendaño, S. :
Twenty-five years of selection for improved leg health in purebred broiler lines and underlying genetic parameters. Poult Sci 91:3032-43, 2012. Pubmed reference: 23155010. DOI: 10.3382/ps.2012-02578.
2006 Ray, SA., Drummond, PB., Shi, L., McDaniel, GR., Smith, EJ. :
Mutation analysis of the aggrecan gene in chickens with tibial dyschondroplasia. Poult Sci 85:1169-72, 2006. Pubmed reference: 16830856.
2005 Petek, M., Sönmez, G., Yildiz, H., Baspinar, H. :
Effects of different management factors on broiler performance and incidence of tibial dyschondroplasia. Br Poult Sci 46:16-21, 2005. Pubmed reference: 15835247. DOI: 10.1080/00071660400023821.
2004 Parkinson, GB., Cransberg, PH. :
Effect of casein phosphopeptide and 25-hydroxycholecalciferol on tibial dyschondroplasia in growing broiler chickens. Br Poult Sci 45:802-6, 2004. Pubmed reference: 15697021. DOI: 10.1080/00071660400012733.
2003 Webster, S.V., Farquharson, C., Jefferies, D., Kwan, A.P. :
Expression of type X collagen, Indian hedgehog and parathyroid hormone related-protein in normal and tibial dyschondroplastic chick growth plates Avian Pathology 32:69-80, 2003. Pubmed reference: 12745383. DOI: 10.1080/030794502/000070741.
2002 Garner, J.P., Falcone, C., Wakenell, P., Martin, M., Mench, J.A. :
Reliability and validity of a modified gait scoring system and its use in assessing tibial dyschondroplasia in broilers British Poultry Science 43:355-363, 2002. Pubmed reference: 12195794. DOI: 10.1080/00071660120103620.
2001 Farquharson, C., Seawright, E., Jefferies, D. :
Parathyroid hormone-related peptide expression in tibial dyschondroplasia Avian Pathology 30:327-335, 2001.
Punna, S., Roland, D.A. :
Influence of dietary phytase supplementation on incidence and severity in broilers divergently selected for tibial dyschondroplasia Poultry Science 80:735-740, 2001. Pubmed reference: 11441840.
Sanotra, G.S., Lund, J.D., Ersboll, A.K., Petersen, J.S., Vestergaard, K.S. :
Monitoring leg problems in broilers: a survey of commercial broiler production in Denmark Worlds Poultry Science Journal 57:55-69, 2001.
Yalcin, S., Akbas, Y. :
Genetic relationships between tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) incidence and carcass and tibia characteristics in a pure line of a commercial broiler stock Archiv fur Geflugelkunde 65:149-152, 2001.
2000 Farquharson, C., Jefferies, D. :
Chondrocytes and longitudinal bone growth: The development of tibial dyschondroplasia Poultry Science 79:994-1004, 2000. Pubmed reference: 10901201.
Ling, J., Kincaid, S.A., McDaniel, G.R., Waegell, W. :
Immunolocalization analysis of transforming growth factor-beta 1 in the growth plates of broiler chickens with high and low incidences of tibial dyschondroplasia Poultry Science 79:1172-1178, 2000. Pubmed reference: 10947187.
Praul, C.A., Ford, B.C., Gay, C.V., Pines, M., Leach, R.M. :
Gene expression and tibial dyschondroplasia Poultry Science 79:1009-1013, 2000. Pubmed reference: 10901203.
Reddi, A.H. :
Initiation and promotion of endochondral bone formation by bone morphogenetic proteins: Potential implications for avian tibial dyschondroplasia Poultry Science 79:978-981, 2000. Pubmed reference: 10901197.
Scheideler, S.E., Ferket, P.R. :
Phytase in broiler rations - Effects on carcass yields and incidence of tibial dyschondroplasia Journal of Applied Poultry Research 9:468-475, 2000.
Tselepis, C., Kwan, A.P.L., Thornton, D., Sheehan, J. :
The biochemical characterization of aggrecan from normal and tibial-dyschondroplastic chicken growth-plate cartilage Biochemical Journal 351:517-525, 2000. Pubmed reference: 11023839.
Velleman, S.G. :
The role of the extracellular matrix in skeletal development. Poult Sci 79:985-9, 2000. Pubmed reference: 10901199.
Yalcin, S., Zhang, X., Christa, L.M., McDaniel, G.R., Kuhlers, D.L. :
Effects of divergent selection for incidence of tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) on purebred and crossbred performance. 1. TD incidence and calcium and phosphorus plasma concentrations British Poultry Science 41:562-565, 2000. Pubmed reference: 11201434. DOI: 10.1080/713654985.
Yalcin, S., Zhang, X., McDaniel, G.R., Kuhlers, D.L. :
Effects of divergent selection for incidence of tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) on purebred and crossbred performance. 2. Processing yield British Poultry Science 41:566-569, 2000. Pubmed reference: 11201435. DOI: 10.1080/713654990.
1999 Kestin, S.C., Su, G., Sorensen, P. :
Different commercial broiler crosses have different susceptibilities to leg weakness Poultry Science 78:1085-1090, 1999. Pubmed reference: 10472832.
Laster, C.P., Hoerr, F.J., Bilgili, S.F., Kincaid, S.A. :
Effects of dietary roxarsone supplementation, lighting program, and season on the incidence of leg abnormalities in broiler chickens Poultry Science 78:197-203, 1999. Pubmed reference: 10051031.
Roberson, K.D. :
25-hydroxycholecalciferol fails to prevent tibial dyschondroplasia in broiler chicks raised in battery brooders Journal of Applied Poultry Research 8:54-61, 1999.
Sorensen, P., Su, G., Kestin, S.C. :
The effect of photoperiod : scotoperiod on leg weakness in broiler chickens Poultry Science 78:336-342, 1999. Pubmed reference: 10090258.
Su, G., Sorensen, P., Kestin, S.C. :
Meal feeding is more effective than early feed restriction at reducing the prevalence of leg weakness in broiler chickens Poultry Science 78:949-955, 1999. Pubmed reference: 10404674.
Vestergaard, K.S., Sanotra, G.S. :
Relationships between leg disorders and changes in the behaviour of broiler chickens Veterinary Record 144:205-209, 1999. Pubmed reference: 10097343.
1998 Capps, S.G. :
Effect of tibial dyschondroplasia on broiler growth and cancellous bone mechanical properties Avian Diseases 42:162-167, 1998. Pubmed reference: 9533094.
Jefferies, D., Botman, M., Houston, B., Whitehead, C.C., Thorp, B.H., Farquharson, C. :
Expression patterns of candidate genes for tibial dyschondroplasia in chicken growth plate chondrocytes separated on percoll density gradients British Poultry Science 39:S22-S23, 1998. Pubmed reference: 10188026.
Mcnamee, P.T., Mccullagh, J.J., Thorp, B.H., Ball, H.J., Graham, D., Mccullough, S.J., Mcconaghy, D., Smyth, J.A. :
Study of leg weakness in two commercial broiler flocks Veterinary Record 143:131-135, 1998. Pubmed reference: 9725184.
Pines, M., Knopov, V., Genina, O., Hurwitz, S., Faerman, A., Gerstenfeld, L.C., Leach, R.M. :
Development of avian tibial dyschondroplasia - gene expression and protein synthesis Calcified Tissue International 63:521-527, 1998. Pubmed reference: 9817948.
Rath, N.C., Huff, W.E., Bayyari, G.R., Balog, J.M. :
Cell death in avian tibial dyschondroplasia Avian Diseases 42:72-79, 1998. Pubmed reference: 9533083.
Reginato, A.M., Bashey, R.I., Rosselot, G., Leach, R.M., Gay, C.V., Jimenez, S.A. :
Type x collagen biosynthesis and expression in avian tibial dyschondroplasia Osteoarthritis & Cartilage 6:125-136, 1998. Pubmed reference: 9692067. DOI: 10.1053/joca.1997.0102.
Reiter, K., Bessei, W. :
Possibilities to reduce leg disorders in broilers and turkeys (review) [Review] [German] Archiv fur Geflugelkunde 62:145-149, 1998.
Whitehead, C.C. :
A review of nutritional and metabolic factors involved in dyschondroplasia in poultry [Review] Journal of Applied Animal Research 13:1-16, 1998.
Xu, T.S., Kerr, J.M., Soares, J.H. :
Molecular aspects of tibial dyschondoplasia in the chicken .1. expression of calbindin-D-28K gene Nutrition Research 18:25-34, 1998.
Xu, T.S., Soares, J.H. :
Molecular aspects of tibial dyschondroplasia in the chicken - ii - effects of 1,25(OH)(2)D-3, on the expression of type x collagen and alkaline phosphatase activity in growth plate chondrocytes Nutrition Research 18:809-822, 1998.
Zhang, X., Mcdaniel, G.R., Roland, D.A. :
Genetic variation of phytate phosphorus utilization from hatch to three weeks of age in broiler chicken lines selected for incidence of tibial dyschondroplasia Poultry Science 77:386-390, 1998. Pubmed reference: 9521448.
Zhang, X., Mcdaniel, G.R., Roland, D.A., Kuhlers, D.L. :
Responses to ten generations of divergent selection for tibial dyschondroplasia in broiler chickens - growth, egg production, and hatchability Poultry Science 77:1065-1072, 1998. Pubmed reference: 9706068.
1997 Elliot, M.A., Edwards, H.M. :
Effect of 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol, cholecalciferol, and fluorescent lights on the development of tibial dyschondroplasia and rickets in broiler chickens Poultry Science 76:570-580, 1997. Pubmed reference: 9106884.
Farquharson, C., Berry, J.L., Mawer, E.B., Seawright, E., Whitehead, C.C. :
Mechanisms for ascorbic acid regulation of growth plate chondrocyte differentiation - a possible role in the prevention of tibial dyschondroplasia British Poultry Science 38:S 50-S 51, 1997.
Mcnamee, P. :
Leg weakness in commercial broilers - investigation of incidence, causes, epizootiology and control Worlds Poultry Science Journal 53:405, 1997.
Mitchell, R.D., Edwards, H.M., Mcdaniel, G.R., Rowland, R.N. :
Dietary 1,25-DIHYDROXYCHOLECALCIFEROL has variable effects on the incidences of leg abnormalities, plasma vitamin d metabolites, and vitamin d receptors in chickens divergently selected for tibial dyschondroplasia Poultry Science 76:338-345, 1997. Pubmed reference: 9057217.
Mitchell, R.D., Edwards, H.M., Mcdaniel, G.R. :
The effects of ultraviolet light and cholecalciferol and its metabolites on the development of leg abnormalities in chickens genetically selected for a high and low incidence of tibial dyschondroplasia Poultry Science 76:346-354, 1997. Pubmed reference: 9057218.
Rath, N.C., Huff, W.E., Balog, J.M., Bayyari, G.R., Reddy, R.P. :
Matrix metalloproteinase activities in avian tibial dyschondroplasia Poultry Science 76:501-505, 1997. Pubmed reference: 9068051.
Ren, P., Rowland, G.N., Halper, J. :
Expression of growth factors in chicken growth plate with special reference to tibial dyschondroplasia Journal of Comparative Pathology 116:303-320, 1997. Pubmed reference: 9147248.
Thorp, B.H., Dick, L., Jefferies, D., Houston, B., Wilson, J. :
An assessment of the efficacy of the lixiscope for the detection of tibial dyschondroplasia Avian Pathology 26:97-104, 1997.
Xu, T.S., Leach, R.M., Hollis, B., Soares, J.H. :
Evidence of increased cholecalciferol requirement in chicks with tibial dyschondroplasia Poultry Science 76:47-53, 1997. Pubmed reference: 9037687.
Zhang, X., Huang, H., Mcdaniel, G.R., Giambrone, J.J. :
Comparison of several enzymes between normal physeal and tibial dyschondroplastic cartilage of broiler chickens Avian Diseases 41:330-334, 1997. Pubmed reference: 9201396.
Zhang, X., Liu, G., Mcdaniel, G.R., Roland, D.A. :
Responses of broiler lines selected for tibial dyschondroplasia incidence to supplementary 25-hydroxycholecalciferol Journal of Applied Poultry Research 6:410-416, 1997.
1996 Berry, J.L., Farquharson, C., Whitehead, C.C., Mawer, E.B. :
Growth plate chondrocyte vitamin D receptor number and affinity are reduced in avian tibial dyschondroplastic lesions Bone 19:197-203, 1996. Pubmed reference: 8853865.
Chu, Q.L., Wu, W.D., Cook, M.E., Smalley, E.B. :
Elevated plasma glycosaminoglycans in chickens with tibial dyschondroplasia induced by a fusarium oxysporum isolate Avian Diseases 40:715-719, 1996. Pubmed reference: 8883805.
Farquharson, C., Rennie, J.S., Loveridge, N., Whitehead, C.C. :
In vivo and in vitro effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3 and 1,25-dihydroxy-16-ene-23-yne-vitamin D-3 on the proliferation and differentiation of avian chondrocytes - their role in tibial dyschondroplasia Journal of Endocrinology 148:465-474, 1996. Pubmed reference: 8778225.
Kuhlers, D.L., Mcdaniel, G.R. :
Estimates of heritabilities and genetic correlations between tibial dyschondroplasia expression and body weight at two ages in broilers Poultry Science 75:959-961, 1996. Pubmed reference: 8829226.
Law, A.S., Burt, D.W., Alexander, I., Thorp, B.H. :
Expression of the gene for transforming growth factor-beta in avian dyschondroplasia Research in Veterinary Science 61:120-124, 1996. Pubmed reference: 8880980.
Ling, J.X., Kincaid, S.A., Mcdaniel, G.R., Bartels, J.E., Johnstone, B. :
Immunohistochemical study of a CHONDROITIN-6-SULFATE in growth plates of broiler chickens with high and low genetic predispositions to tibial dyschondroplasia Avian Diseases 40:88-98, 1996. Pubmed reference: 8713053.
Renden, J.A., Moran, E.T., Kincaid, S.A. :
Lighting programs for broilers that reduce leg problems without loss of performance or yield Poultry Science 75:1345-1350, 1996. Pubmed reference: 8933587.
Rennie, J.S., Whitehead, C.C. :
Effectiveness of dietary 25- and 1-hydroxycholecalciferol in combating tibial dyschondroplasia in broiler chickens British Poultry Science 37:413-421, 1996. Pubmed reference: 8773850. DOI: 10.1080/00071669608417872.
Tselepis, C., Hoyland, J.A., Barber, R.E., Thorp, B.H., Kwan, A.P.L. :
Expression and distribution of cartilage matrix macromolecules in avian tibial dyschondroplasia Avian Pathology 25:305-324, 1996.
Twal, W.O., Wu, J.X., Gay, C.V., Leach, R.M. :
Immunolocalization of basic fibroblastic growth factor in avian tibial dyschondroplastic cartilage Poultry Science 75:130-134, 1996. Pubmed reference: 8650103.
Wardale, R.J., Duance, V.C. :
Collagen expression in chicken tibial dyschondroplasia Journal of Cell Science 109:1119-1131, 1996. Pubmed reference: 8743959.
Wu, J.X., Pines, M., Gay, C.V., Hurwitz, S., Leach, R.M. :
Immunolocalization of osteonectin in avian tibial dyschondroplastic cartilage Developmental Dynamics 207:69-74, 1996. Pubmed reference: 8875077. DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0177(199609)207:1<69::AID-AJA7>3.0.CO;2-U.
Yalcin, S., Akbas, Y., Settar, P., Gonul, T. :
Effect of tibal dyschondroplasia on carcase part weights and bone characteristics British Poultry Science 37:923-927, 1996. Pubmed reference: 9034582. DOI: 10.1080/00071669608417923.
Zhang, X., Mcdaniel, G.R., Giambrone, J.J., Smith, E. :
Promoter and transcription of type X collagen gene in broiler chickens with tibial dyschondroplasia Poultry Science 75:691-694, 1996. Pubmed reference: 8737831.
1995 Elliot, M.A., Roberson, K.D., Rowland, G.N., Edwards, H.M. :
Effects of dietary calcium and 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol on the development of tibial dyschondroplasia in broilers during the starter and grower periods Poultry Science 74:1495-1505, 1995. Pubmed reference: 7501594.
Knopov, V., Leach, R.M., Barakshalom, T., Hurwitz, S., Pines, M. :
Osteopontin gene expression and alkaline phosphatase activity in avian tibial dyschondroplasia Bone 16:S329-S334, 1995.
Ling, J.X., Kincaid, S.A., Mcdaniel, G.R., Bartels, J.E. :
Ultrastructural changes of chondrocytes of growth plates of young broiler chickens predisposed to tibial dyschondroplasia Poultry Science 74:788-794, 1995. Pubmed reference: 7603954.
Nie, D.T., Genge, B.R., Wu, L.N.Y., Wuthier, R.E. :
Defect in formation of functional matrix vesicles by growth plate chondrocytes in avian tibial dyschondroplasia - evidence of defective tissue vascularization Journal of Bone & Mineral Research 10:1625-1634, 1995.
Pines, M., Monsonego, E., Knopov, V., Barakshalom, T., Hurwitz, S. :
The involvement of the epiphyseal growth plate in longitudinal bone growth and in tibial dyschondroplasia Archiv Fur Geflugelkunde :28-30, 1995.
Rennie, J.S., Mccormack, H.A., Farquharson, C., Berry, J.L., Mawer, B., Whitehead, C.C. :
Interaction between dietary 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol and calcium and effects of management on the occurrence of tibial dyschondroplasia, leg abnormalities and performance in broiler chickens British Poultry Science 36:465-477, 1995. Pubmed reference: 7583377. DOI: 10.1080/00071669508417792.
Thorp, B.H., Jakowlew, S.B., Goddard, C. :
Avian dyschondroplasia: Local deficiencies in growth factors are integral to the aetiopathogenesis Avian Pathology 24:135-148, 1995.
Whitehead, C.C. :
The role of vitamin D metabolites in the prevention of tibial dyschondroplasia Animal Feed Science and Technology 53:205-210, 1995.
Yalcin, S., Zhang, X., Mcdaniel, G.R., Kuhlers, D.L. :
Effect of selection for high or low incidence of tibial dyschondroplasia for seven generations on live performance Poultry Science 74:1411-1417, 1995. Pubmed reference: 7501584.
Zhang, X., Mcdaniel, G.R., Yalcin, Z.S., Kuhlers, D.L. :
Genetic Correlations of Tibial Dyschondroplasia Incidence with Carcass Traits in Broilers Poultry Science 74:910-915, 1995. Pubmed reference: 7644419.
Zhang, X., Mcdaniel, G.R., Giambrone, J.J. :
Random amplified polymorphic DNA comparisons among broiler lines selected for incidence of tibial dyschondroplasia Poultry Science 74:1253-1258, 1995. Pubmed reference: 7479502.
1994 Bai, Y.S., Cook, M.E. :
Histological Study of Tibial Dyschondroplasia-Like Lesion from Light-Type Chicks Fed Cysteine-Supplemented Diets Avian Diseases 38:557-562, 1994. Pubmed reference: 7832709.
Cook, M.E., Bai, Y., Orth, M.W. :
Factors Influencing Growth Plate Cartilage Turnover Poultry Science 73:889-896, 1994. Pubmed reference: 8072934.
Elliot, M.A., Edwards, H.M. :
Effect of Genetic Strain, Calcium, and Feed Withdrawal on Growth, Tibial Dyschondroplasia, Plasma 1,25- Dihydroxycholecalciferol, and Plasma 25- Hydroxycholecalciferol in 16-Day-Old Chickens Poultry Science 73:509-519, 1994. Pubmed reference: 8202430.
Hester, P.Y. :
The Role of Environment and Management on Leg Abnormalities in Meat-Type Fowl Poultry Science 73:904-915, 1994. Pubmed reference: 8072936.
Orth, M.W., Leach, R.M., Vailas, A.C., Cook, M.E. :
Non-Reducible Collagen Cross-Linking in Cartilage from Broiler Chickens with Tibial Dyschondroplasia Avian Diseases 38:44-49, 1994. Pubmed reference: 8002899.
Orth, M.W., Cook, M.E. :
Avian tibial dyschondroplasia: A morphological and biochemical review of the growth plate lesion and its causes Veterinary Pathology 31:403-414, 1994. Pubmed reference: 7941228.
Rosselot, G., Sokol, C., Leach, R. :
Effect of Lesion Size on the Metabolic Activity of Tibial Dyschondroplastic Chondrocytes Poultry Science 73:452-456, 1994. Pubmed reference: 8177822.
Sullivan, T.W. :
Skeletal Problems in Poultry - Estimated Annual Cost and Descriptions Poultry Science 73:879-882, 1994. Pubmed reference: 8072932.
Thorp, B.H., Goddard, C. :
Plasma concentrations of growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-I in chickens developing tibial dyschondroplasia Research in Veterinary Science 57:100-105, 1994. Pubmed reference: 7973082.
1993 Chen, Q., Gibney, E.P., Leach, R.M., Linsenmayer, T.F. :
Chicken Tibial Dyschondroplasia - A Limb Mutant with 2 Growth Plates and Possible Defects of Collagen Crosslinking Developmental Dynamics 196:54-61, 1993. Pubmed reference: 7687476. DOI: 10.1002/aja.1001960107.
Roberson, K.D., Hill, C.H., Ferket, P.R. :
Additive Amelioration of Tibial Dyschondroplasia in Broilers by Supplemental Calcium or Feed Deprivation Poultry Science 72:798-805, 1993. Pubmed reference: 8502604.
Thorp, B.H., Ducro, B., Whitehead, C.C., Farquharson, C., Sorensen, P. :
Avian Tibial Dyschondroplasia - The Interaction of Genetic Selection and Dietary 1,25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol Avian Pathology 22:311-324, 1993.
Wongvalle, J., Mcdaniel, G.R., Kuhlers, D.L., Bartels, J.E. :
Divergent Genetic Selection for Incidence of Tibial Dyschondroplasia in Broilers at 7 Weeks of Age Poultry Science 72:421-428, 1993. Pubmed reference: 8464786.
Wongvalle, J., Mcdaniel, G.R., Kuhlers, D.L., Bartels, J.E. :
Correlated Responses to Selection for High or Low Incidence of Tibial Dyschondroplasia in Broilers Poultry Science 72:1621-1629, 1993. Pubmed reference: 8234121.
Wongvalle, J., Mcdaniel, G.R., Kuhlers, D.L., Bartels, J.E. :
Effect of Lighting Program and Broiler Line on the Incidence of Tibial Dyschondroplasia at 4 and 7 Weeks of Age Poultry Science 72:1855-1860, 1993.
Wu, W., Cook, M.E., Chu, Q., Smalley, E.B. :
Tibial Dyschondroplasia of Chickens Induced by Fusarochromanone, a Mycotoxin Avian Diseases 37:302-309, 1993. Pubmed reference: 8363496.
1992 Farquharson, C., Whitehead, C., Rennie, S., Thorp, B., Loveridge, N. :
Cell Proliferation and Enzyme Activities Associated with the Development of Avian Tibial Dyschondroplasia - An Insitu Biochemical Study Bone 13:59-67, 1992. Pubmed reference: 1581110.
Lynch, M., Thorp, B.H., Whitehead, C.C. :
Avian Tibial Dyschondroplasia as a Cause of Bone Deformity Avian Pathology 21:275-285, 1992.
1989 Bashey, R.I., Leach, R.M., Gay, C.V., Jimenez, S.A. :
Type-X Collagen in Avian Tibial Dyschondroplasia Laboratory Investigation 60:106-112, 1989. Pubmed reference: 2911181.
Lilburn, M.S., Lauterio, T.J., Ngiamrilling, K., Smith, J.H. :
Relationships Among Mineral Balance in the Diet, Early Growth Manipulation, and Incidence of Tibial Dyschondroplasia in Different Strains of Meat Type Chickens Poultry Science 68:1263-1273, 1989. Pubmed reference: 2813248.
1976 Riddel, C. :
Selection of broiler chickens for a high and low incidence of tibial dyschondroplasia with observations on spondylolisthesis and twisted legs (perosis). Poult Sci 55:145-51, 1976. Pubmed reference: 934978.
Sheridan, A.K., Howlett, C.R., Dettmann, E.B. :
Selection for tibial dyschondroplasia in Australian meat chickens Proceedings of the First Australasian Poultry and Stock Feed Convention, Melbourne 2:176-181, 1976.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2005
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 17 Sep 2021
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 11 Sep 2022