OMIA:001055-9031 : Vitiligo in Gallus gallus (chicken)

In other species: Rhesus monkey , dog , domestic cat , horse , Northern giraffe , taurine cattle , water buffalo

Categories: Integument (skin) phene

Possibly relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s)s (MIM numbers): 193200 (trait) , 221350 (trait) , 270750 (trait) , 277465 (trait)

Links to MONDO diseases: No links.

Mendelian trait/disorder: unknown

Considered a defect: yes

Species-specific name: Smyth line

Genetic engineering: Unknown
Have human generated variants been created, e.g. through genetic engineering and gene editing

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2011). OMIA:001055-9031: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

2014 Jang, H.M., Erf, G.F., Rowland, K.C., Kong, B.W. :
Genome resequencing and bioinformatic analysis of SNP containing candidate genes in the autoimmune vitiligo Smyth line chicken model. BMC Genomics 15:707, 2014. Pubmed reference: 25151476. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2164-15-707.
2000 Sreekumar, G.P., Smyth, J.R., Ambady, S., de, Leon, F.A.P. :
Analysis of the effect of endogenous viral genes in the Smyth line chicken model for autoimmune vitiligo American Journal of Pathology 156:1099-1107, 2000. Pubmed reference: 10702426. DOI: 10.1016/S0002-9440(10)64978-4.
1999 Smyth, J.R., McNeil, M. :
Alopecia areata and universalis in the Smyth chicken model for spontaneous autoimmune vitiligo Journal of Investigative Dermatology. Symposium Proceedings 4:211-215, 1999.
1997 Erf, G.F., Trejoskalli, A.V., Poulin, M., Smyth, J.R. :
Lymphocyte populations in dermal lymphoid aggregates of vitiliginous Smyth line and normally pigmented light brown Leghorn chickens Veterinary Immunology & Immunopathology 58:335-343, 1997.
Shresta, S., Smyth, J.R., Erf, G.F. :
Profiles of pulp infiltrating lymphocytes at various times throughout feather regeneration in Smyth line chickens with vitiligo Autoimmunity 25:193-201, 1997. Pubmed reference: 9344327.
1996 Erf, G.F., Smyth, J.R. :
Alterations in blood leukocyte populations in Smyth line chickens with autoimmune vitiligo Poultry Science 75:351-356, 1996. Pubmed reference: 8778729.
Sreekumar, G.P., Erf, G.F., Smyth, J.R. :
5-azacytidine treatment induces autoimmune vitiligo in parental control strains of the smyth line chicken model for autoimmune vitiligo Clinical Immunology & Immunopathology 81:136-144, 1996.
1995 Austin, L.M., Boissy, R.E. :
Mammalian tyrosinase-related protein-1 is recognized by autoantibodies from vitiliginous Smyth chickens: An avian model for human vitiligo American Journal of Pathology 146:1529-1541, 1995. Pubmed reference: 7778691.
1994 Bowers, R.R., Lujan, J., Biboso, A., Kridel, S., Varkey, C. :
Premature avian melanocyte death due to low antioxidant levels of protection: Fowl model for vitiligo Pigment Cell Research 7:409-418, 1994. Pubmed reference: 7761349.
1992 Bowers, R.R., Harmon, J., Prescott, S., Asano, J., Wynne, S. :
Fowl Model for Vitiligo - Genetic Regulation on the Fate of the Melanocytes Pigment Cell Research :242-248, 1992. Pubmed reference: 1329072.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2005
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 25 Nov 2011