OMIA 001256-9823 : Woolly hair in Sus scrofa

Mendelian trait/disorder: unknown

Considered a defect: yes

Species-specific name: Curly coat or Curly hair

Inheritance: Schachler et al. (2020) reported that "analysis of two matings of Mangalitza with straight-coated pig breeds confirmed an autosomal dominant inheritance of curly hair" and that "These results contrast with previous predictions from crossings of Mangalitza with Cornwall, Middle White and Large White, which suggested an intermediary hair type for F1-piglets". The actual mode of inheritance, therefore, within the Mangalitza breed, and in other breeds, still remains to be determined.

Markers: Schachler et al. (2020) "suggest that more than one variant is causative for the specific hair type of Mangalitza pigs."

Breeds: Canastrao, Mangalitza.


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.
2020 Schachler, K., Distl, O., Metzger, J. :
Tracing selection signatures in the pig genome gives evidence for selective pressures on a unique curly hair phenotype in Mangalitza. Sci Rep 10:22142, 2020. Pubmed reference: 33335158. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-79037-z.
2016 Leroy, G., Besbes, B., Boettcher, P., Hoffmann, I., Capitan, A., Baumung, R. :
Rare phenotypes in domestic animals: unique resources for multiple applications. Anim Genet 47:141-53, 2016. Pubmed reference: 26662214. DOI: 10.1111/age.12393.
1934 Rhoad, A.O. :
Woolly hair in swine Journal of Heredity 25:371-375, 1934.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2005
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 20 Dec 2020