OMIA:001543-9615 : Dyskinesia, paroxysmal in Canis lupus familiaris (dog)

In other species: domestic cat

Categories: Behaviour / neurological phene

Links to MONDO diseases: No links.

Mendelian trait/disorder: no

Mode of inheritance: Multifactorial

Considered a defect: yes

Key variant known: no

Cross-species summary: episodic movement disorder

Species-specific name: Scottie cramp

Genetic engineering: Unknown
Have human generated variants been created, e.g. through genetic engineering and gene editing

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2023). OMIA:001543-9615: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

2023 Baptista da Silva, C., Hermans, M., Ruiz-Suárez, N., Verdoodt, F., Bhatti, S.F.M., Hesta, M. :
Long-term nutritional management of an obese German Spitz with paroxysmal dyskinesia, calcium oxalate urolithiasis, and suspected pancreatitis-A case report. Front Vet Sci 10:1054251, 2023. Pubmed reference: 36998641. DOI: 10.3389/fvets.2023.1054251.
Liatis, T., De Decker, S. :
Dystonic head tremor in paroxysmal dyskinesia in 17 dogs (2021-2023). Vet Rec :e3407, 2023. Pubmed reference: 37643282. DOI: 10.1002/vetr.3407.
Rogers, C.B., Meyerhoff, N., Volk, H.A. :
Gluten serological testing in various dog breeds with paroxysmal dyskinesia. Front Vet Sci 10:1119441, 2023. Pubmed reference: 36937013. DOI: 10.3389/fvets.2023.1119441.
2022 Santifort, K.M., Mandigers, P.J.J. :
Dystonia in veterinary neurology. J Vet Intern Med 36:1872-1881, 2022. Pubmed reference: 36086931. DOI: 10.1111/jvim.16532.
Whittaker, D.E., Volk, H.A., De Decker, S., Fenn, J. :
Clinical characterisation of a novel paroxysmal dyskinesia in Welsh terrier dogs. Vet J 281:105801, 2022. Pubmed reference: 35150842. DOI: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2022.105801.
2021 Cerda-Gonzalez, S., Packer, R.A., Garosi, L., Lowrie, M., Mandigers, P.J.J., O'Brien, D.P., Volk, H.A. :
International veterinary canine dyskinesia task force ECVN consensus statement: Terminology and classification. J Vet Intern Med 35:1218-1230, 2021. Pubmed reference: 33769611. DOI: 10.1111/jvim.16108.
2017 Santifort, KM, Lowrie, M :
Paroxysmal non‐kinesigenic dyskinesia characterised by dystonia in a crossbred dog. Vet Rec Case Rep 5:e000429, 2017.
Stassen, Q.E.M., Koskinen, L.L.E., van Steenbeek, F.G., Seppälä, E.H., Jokinen, T.S., Prins, P.G.M., Bok, H.G.J., Zandvliet, M.M.J.M., Vos-Loohuis, M., Leegwater, P.A.J., Lohi, H. :
Paroxysmal dyskinesia in Border Terriers: Clinical, epidemiological, and genetic investigations. J Vet Intern Med 31:1123-1131, 2017. Pubmed reference: 28703446. DOI: 10.1111/jvim.14731.
2016 De Risio, L., Forman, O.P., Mellersh, C.S., Freeman, J. :
Paroxysmal dyskinesia in Norwich terrier dogs. Mov Disord Clin Pract 3:573-579, 2016. Pubmed reference: 30838250. DOI: 10.1002/mdc3.12334.
Lowrie, M., Garosi, L. :
Natural history of canine paroxysmal movement disorders in Labrador retrievers and Jack Russell terriers. Vet J 213:33-7, 2016. Pubmed reference: 27240912. DOI: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2016.03.007.
2015 Urkasemsin, G., Olby, N.J. :
Clinical characteristics of Scottie Cramp in 31 cases. J Small Anim Pract 56:276-80, 2015. Pubmed reference: 25599802. DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12317.
2014 Black, V., Garosi, L., Lowrie, M., Harvey, R.J., Gale, J. :
Phenotypic characterisation of canine epileptoid cramping syndrome in the Border terrier. J Small Anim Pract 55:102-7, 2014. Pubmed reference: 24372194. DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12170.
Guevar, J., De Decker, S., Van Ham, L.M., Fischer, A., Volk, H.A. :
Idiopathic head tremor in English bulldogs. Mov Disord 29:191-4, 2014. Pubmed reference: 24375621. DOI: 10.1002/mds.25767.
2011 Wolf, M., Bruehschwein, A., Sauter-Louis, C., Sewell, A.C., Fischer, A. :
An inherited episodic head tremor syndrome in Doberman pinscher dogs. Mov Disord 26:2381-6, 2011. Pubmed reference: 21915908. DOI: 10.1002/mds.23936.
2010 Packer, R.A., Patterson, E.E., Taylor, J.F., Coates, J.R., Schnabel, R.D., O'Brien, D.P. :
Characterization and mode of inheritance of a paroxysmal dyskinesia in Chinook dogs. J Vet Intern Med 24:1305-13, 2010. Pubmed reference: 21054538. DOI: 10.1111/j.1939-1676.2010.0629.x.
2001 Penderis, J., Franklin, R.J. :
Dyskinesia in an adult bichon frise. J Small Anim Pract 42:24-5, 2001. Pubmed reference: 11219819.
1983 Herrtage, M.E., Palmer, A.C. :
Episodic falling in the cavalier King Charles spaniel. Vet Rec 112:458-9, 1983. Pubmed reference: 6868317. DOI: 10.1136/vr.112.19.458.
1969 Meyers, K.M., Lund, J.E., Padgett, G.A. :
Hyperkinetic episodes in Scottish Terrier dogs Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 155:124-133, 1969. Pubmed reference: 5816228.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 11 May 2011
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 06 Aug 2016
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 22 Aug 2021
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 12 Jan 2023