OMIA 001851-9913 : Abortion due to haplotype NH1 in Bos taurus

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Mode of inheritance: Autosomal Recessive

Considered a defect: yes

Key variant known: no

Species-specific symbol: NH1

Mapping: By analysing Illumina Bovine 50k Beadchip genotype data from 47,878 Holstein, 16,833 Montbéliarde and 11,466 Normande cattle in the French genomic selection database, Fritz et al. (2013) identified 34 common (>1%) haplotypes that have a significant deficit (P<10^-4) of homozygotes in live animals, and which are, therefore, each likely to harbour a deleterious mutation. Three of these haplotypes, namely BY (Brachyspina; OMIA 000151-9913), HH1 (OMIA 000001-9913) and HH3 (OMIA 001824-9913), had been reported by VanRaden et al. (2011; J Dairy Sci 94:6153-61). Following the convention of naming such haplotypes with a first letter indicating breed, a second letter H for haplotype, followed by a sequential number, Fritz et al. (2013) named their 14 new Holstein haplotypes as HH4 to HH17, their 11 Montbéliarde haplotypes as MH1 to MH11, and their six Normande haplotypes as NH1 to NH6. Analyses of reproductive data indicated that nine of the 34 haplotypes have a significant effect on fertility, including six of the newly identified haplotypes, namely HH4, HH5, HH6, MH1, MH2 and NH5.

This present OMIA entry is for NH1, which is located in chromosome BTA24, at 38.1–39.2Mb (UMD 3.1 genome assembly) (Fritz et al., 2013).

Prevalence: The NH1 haplotype occurs with a frequency of 1.8% in the 11,466 Normande adult cattle adult sampled by Fritz et al. (2013), but not as a homozygote.

Breed: Normande.


2013 Fritz, S., Capitan, A., Djari, A., Rodriguez, S.C., Barbat, A., Baur, A., Grohs, C., Weiss, B., Boussaha, M., Esquerré, D., Klopp, C., Rocha, D., Boichard, D. :
Detection of haplotypes associated with prenatal death in dairy cattle and identification of deleterious mutations in GART, SHBG and SLC37A2. PLoS One 8:e65550, 2013. Pubmed reference: 23762392. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0065550.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 14 Jun 2013
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 14 Jun 2013