OMIA 001890-69232 : Male body size/courtship behaviour in Limia perugiae

In other species: Panuco swordtail ,

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Mode of inheritance: Autosomal Recessive

Considered a defect: no

Key variant known: no

Species-specific description: As reported by Erbelding-Denk et al. (1994), "The male-polymorphic poeciliid fish, Limia perugiae, a small teleostean endemic to the southeast of the Caribbean island Hispañola, consists of three male size morphs with uniform females. Large males differentiate at a size varying between 25 and 38 mm; intermediate males, between 21 and 25 mm. Under competition, large males exhibit an elaborate courtship display, whereas small males show only a sneak-chase behavior. Intermediate males adapt their tactics to the respective competitors."

Inheritance: Erbelding-Denk et al. (1994) reported that the somewhat surprising conclusion that "Breeding experiments with the three male morphs can best be explained by a model of Y-linked genes for small and large size which are both suspended by the activity of an autosomal recessive repressor responsible for the development of intermediate males. The dominant allele of the recessive repressor, in either its homoorits heterozygous state, activates the Y-chromosomal genes for large or small size, respectively. Accordingly, intermediate males may produce male offspring of all size classes, depending on the presence of either the Y-linked gene or the autosomal repressor."


1994 Erbelding-Denk, C., Schröder, J.H., Schartl, M., Nanda, I., Schmid, M., Epplen, J.T. :
Male polymorphism in Limia perugiae (Pisces: Poeciliidae). Behav Genet 24:95-101, 1994. Pubmed reference: 8192625.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 23 Nov 2013
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 23 Nov 2013