OMIA:002077-9031 : Body weight in Gallus gallus (chicken)

In other species: dog , pig , taurine cattle , sheep

Categories: Growth / size / body region phene

Links to MONDO diseases: No links.

Mendelian trait/disorder: no

Mode of inheritance: Multifactorial

Considered a defect: no

Key variant known: yes

Year key variant first reported: 2016

Molecular basis: Jia et al. (2016): "a 54-bp insertion mutation in the upstream region of miR-15a-16 . . . resulted in lower miR-16 expression by introducing three novel splicing sites instead of the missing 5′ terminal splicing of mature miR-16. Elevating miR-16 significantly inhibited DF-1 chicken embryo cell proliferation, consistent with a role in suppression of cellular growth."

Genetic engineering: Unknown
Have human generated variants been created, e.g. through genetic engineering and gene editing

Associated gene:

Symbol Description Species Chr Location OMIA gene details page Other Links
MIR15A microRNA 15a Gallus gallus 1 NC_052532.1 (169278486..169278404) MIR15A Homologene, Ensembl , NCBI gene

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2016). OMIA:002077-9031: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


2016 Jia, X., Lin, H., Nie, Q., Zhang, X., Lamont, S.J. :
A short insertion mutation disrupts genesis of miR-16 and causes increased body weight in domesticated chicken. Sci Rep 6:36433, 2016. Pubmed reference: 27808177. DOI: 10.1038/srep36433.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 18 Nov 2016
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 18 Nov 2016