OMIA:002101-9913 : Oculocutaneous hypopigmentation in Bos taurus (taurine cattle)
Categories: Pigmentation phene
Possibly relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s) (MIM number): 606281 (gene)
Links to MONDO diseases: No links.
Mendelian trait/disorder: yes
Mode of inheritance: Autosomal recessive
Considered a defect: no
Key variant known: yes
Year key variant first reported: 2015
Key variant is published: no
Species-specific symbol: OH
History: As reported by Hollman et al. (2017), via a personal communication from Dr Jon Beever, "Recently an alteration of iris coloration has been observed in Angus and Simmental breed. Affected cattle showed an oculocutaneous hypopigmentation (OH) with a pale blue iris and a tan periphery coupled with a change in coat color from black to chocolate. It is assumed that this aberration was introduced into the Simmental breed in the late 1950s by Angus founders and is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait." As described by Dr Beever in a 2015 press release from the American Simmental Association (Anon., 2015), "In the spring of 2012, the American Simmental Association (ASA) received an abnormality report indicating the occurrence of a newborn calf with “white-colored” eyes and a diluted hair coat (see picture at right)."
Molecular basis: As reported by Hollman et al. (2017), via a personal communication from Dr Jon Beever, "An amino acid exchange in the Ras-related Protein Rab-38 (RAB38) gene was identified as the disease causing mutation". A 2015 press release from the American Simmental Association (Anon., 2015) reported "Recently Dr. Beever has found the causative mutation and developed a diagnostic test for OH." It appears that the mutation arose originally in Angus cattle (Anon., 2015; https://www.angus.org/pub/OH/OHInfo.aspx).
Have human generated variants been created, e.g. through genetic engineering and gene editing
Angus (Cattle) (VBO_0000104),
Simmental (Cattle) (VBO_0000380).
Breeds in which the phene has been documented. For breeds in which a likely causal variant has been documented, see the variant table below
|Symbol||Description||Species||Chr||Location||OMIA gene details page||Other Links|
|RAB38||RAB38, member RAS oncogene family||Bos taurus||29||NC_037356.1 (7501579..7567665)||RAB38||Homologene, Ensembl , NCBI gene|
Cite this entry
Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.
|2017||Hollmann, A.K., Bleyer, M., Tipold, A., Neßler, J.N., Wemheuer, W.E., Schütz, E., Brenig, B. :|
|A genome-wide association study reveals a locus for bilateral iridal hypopigmentation in Holstein Friesian cattle. BMC Genet 18:30, 2017. Pubmed reference: 28356055. DOI: 10.1186/s12863-017-0496-4.|
|Oculocutaneous hypopigmentation (OH) – A cosmetic genetic trait affecting Simmental cattle. American Simmental Association eNews release November 11, 2015; https://haveuherd.wordpress.com/2015/11/11/oculocutaneous-hypopigmentationoh-a-cosmetic-genetic-trait-affecting-simmental-cattle/ , 2015.|
- Created by Frank Nicholas on 13 Apr 2017
- Changed by Frank Nicholas on 13 Apr 2017