OMIA:002130-9544 : Coat colour, oculocutaneous albinism, OCA2-related in Macaca mulatta (Rhesus monkey)

In other species: Mexican tetra , dog , corn snake

Categories: Pigmentation phene

Links to possible relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s) in OMIM: 203200 (trait) , 611409 (gene)

Links to relevant human diseases in MONDO:

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Mode of inheritance: Autosomal recessive

Considered a defect: yes

Key variant known: yes

Year key variant first reported: 2020

Cross-species summary: Tyrosinase-positive oculocutaneous albinism (OCA, type II) is an autosomal recessive disorder in which the biosynthesis of melanin pigment is reduced in skin, hair, and eyes.

Molecular basis: Wu et al. (2020) "identified [six] rhesus macaque models with clinical characteristics consistent with those of OCA patients according to observations of ocular behavior, fundus examination, and optical coherence tomography. Genomic sequencing revealed a biallelic p.L312I mutation in TYR [see OMIA:000202-9544 for details of the TYR variant] and a homozygous p.S788L mutation in OCA2, both of which were further confirmed to affect melanin biosynthesis via in vitro assays . ... all [six] of these albino monkeys carried [the] homozygous missense mutation, c.2363C>T, in the OCA2 gene. Additionally, three albino subjects ..., were found to exhibit [the] homozygous missense mutation, c.934C>A, in the TYR gene."

Clinical features: Wu et al. (2020) "identified six rhesus macaques with an albino appearance characterized by red hair and pink skin ... . These albino monkeys were 1-10 years old, and both male ... and female ... individuals were affected. Apparent horizontal nystagmus was observed in these monkeys ... . Compared with healthy individuals, the iris color was different in the albino subjects ... . ... Fundography of these albino subjects showed extensive hypopigmentation and the absence of a foveal centralis, while the choroid vasculature appeared to show the loss of pigmentation ... ."

Associated gene:

Symbol Description Species Chr Location OMIA gene details page Other Links
OCA2 oculocutaneous albinism II Macaca mulatta 7 NC_041760.1 (986188..1272840) OCA2 Homologene, Ensembl , NCBI gene


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WARNING! Inclusion of a variant in this table does not automatically mean that it should be used for DNA testing. Anyone contemplating the use of any of these variants for DNA testing should examine critically the relevant evidence (especially in breeds other than the breed in which the variant was first described). If it is decided to proceed, the location and orientation of the variant sequence should be checked very carefully.

Since October 2021, OMIA includes a semiautomated lift-over pipeline to facilitate updates of genomic positions to a recent reference genome position. These changes to genomic positions are not always reflected in the ‘acknowledgements’ or ‘verbal description’ fields in this table.

OMIA Variant ID Breed(s) Variant Phenotype Gene Allele Type of Variant Source of Genetic Variant Reference Sequence Chr. g. or m. c. or n. p. Verbal Description EVA ID Year Published PubMed ID(s) Acknowledgements
1602 Coat colour, oculocutaneous albinism OCA2 missense Naturally occurring variant c.2363C>T p.(S788L) 2020 32259106

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2023). OMIA:002130-9544: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


2020 Wu, K.C., Lv, J.N., Yang, H., Yang, F.M., Lin, R., Lin, Q., Shen, R.J., Wang, J.B., Duan, W.H., Hu, M., Zhang, J., He, Z.L., Jin, Z.B. :
Nonhuman primate model of oculocutaneous albinism with TYR and OCA2 mutations. Research (Wash D C) 2020:1658678, 2020. Pubmed reference: 32259106. DOI: 10.34133/2020/1658678.

Edit History

  • Created by Imke Tammen2 on 14 Aug 2023
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 14 Aug 2023