OMIA:002162-9615 : Hypophosphatasia in Canis lupus familiaris (dog)

In other species: sheep

Categories: Skeleton phene (incl. short stature & teeth)

Links to possible relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s) in OMIM: 241500 (trait) , 171760 (gene)

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Mode of inheritance: Autosomal recessive

Considered a defect: yes

Key variant known: yes

Year key variant first reported: 2019

Species-specific symbol: HPP

History: The paper by Kyöstilä et al. (2019) is another example of the first report of a disorder that also presents a likely causal variant for that disorder.

Molecular basis: Kyöstilä et al. (2019): "Exome sequencing of one affected dog revealed a homozygous missense variant (c.1301T > G; p.V434G) in the tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase gene, ALPL."

Clinical features: Kyöstilä et al. (2019): "The disease was recognized in seven KBD puppies with a variable presentation of skeletal hypomineralization, growth retardation, seizures and movement difficulties"

Pathology: Kyöstilä et al. (2019): "Overall, the pathological findings in affected dogs were compatible with a generalized skeletal ossification and mineralization defect. The specific finding of C cell hyperplasia was indicative of long-term hypercalcemia and compatible with the elevated serum calcium level measured in one affected puppy."

Prevalence: Kyöstilä et al. (2019): "The identified recessive variant showed full segregation with the disease in a cohort of 509 KBDs with a carrier frequency of 0.17 and was absent from 303 dogs from control breeds."

Breed: Karelian Bear Dog (Dog) (VBO_0200754).
Breeds in which the phene has been documented. (If a likely causal variant has been documented for the phene, see the variant table breeds in which the variant has been reported).

Associated gene:

Symbol Description Species Chr Location OMIA gene details page Other Links
ALPL alkaline phosphatase, liver/bone/kidney Canis lupus familiaris 2 NC_051806.1 (78182495..78128381) ALPL Homologene, Ensembl , NCBI gene


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WARNING! Inclusion of a variant in this table does not automatically mean that it should be used for DNA testing. Anyone contemplating the use of any of these variants for DNA testing should examine critically the relevant evidence (especially in breeds other than the breed in which the variant was first described). If it is decided to proceed, the location and orientation of the variant sequence should be checked very carefully.

Since October 2021, OMIA includes a semiautomated lift-over pipeline to facilitate updates of genomic positions to a recent reference genome position. These changes to genomic positions are not always reflected in the ‘acknowledgements’ or ‘verbal description’ fields in this table.

OMIA Variant ID Breed(s) Variant Phenotype Gene Allele Type of Variant Source of Genetic Variant Reference Sequence Chr. g. or m. c. or n. p. Verbal Description EVA ID Year Published PubMed ID(s) Acknowledgements
1021 Karelian Bear Dog (Dog) Hypophosphatasia ALPL missense Naturally occurring variant CanFam3.1 2 g.77561953A>C c.1301T>G p.(V434G) XM_005617214.3; XP_005617271.1 2019 30700765

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2019). OMIA:002162-9615: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


2019 Kyöstilä, K., Syrjä, P., Lappalainen, A.K., Arumilli, M., Hundi, S., Karkamo, V., Viitmaa, R., Hytönen, M.K., Lohi, H. :
A homozygous missense variant in the alkaline phosphatase gene ALPL is associated with a severe form of canine hypophosphatasia. Sci Rep 9:973, 2019. Pubmed reference: 30700765. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-37801-2.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 01 Feb 2019
  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 04 Feb 2019
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 04 Feb 2019