OMIA:002182-9823 : Abortion, URB1-related in Sus scrofa (pig)
Categories: Mortality / aging (incl. embryonic lethal)
Possibly relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s) (MIM number): 608865 (gene)
Links to MONDO diseases: No links.
Mendelian trait/disorder: yes
Mode of inheritance: Autosomal recessive, semi-lethal
Considered a defect: yes
Key variant known: yes
Year key variant first reported: 2019
Species-specific name: Haplotype LA2
Species-specific description: Derks et al. (2019) identified five relatively frequent haplotypes for which there was either a deficit or a complete lack of homozygotes in large populations of Landrace (28,085) and Duroc (11,255). One of the four Landrace haplotypes (LA2) is the subject of this entry. Derks et al. (2019) identified a "frameshift mutation in URB1" in the Landrace breed causing embryonic lethality. (Edited by Emmi Payten 24/8/2021)
History: This haplotype was first identified in two commercial pig populations in Norway (Derks et al., 2019). (Edited by Emmi Payten 24/8/2021)
Mapping: Derks et al. (2019): "To identify lethal alleles segregating in the pig populations we examined genotype data from 28,085 (Landrace), and 11,255 (Duroc) animals. All animals were genotyped or imputed to a medium-density 50K SNPchip ... . The genotypes were phased to build haplotypes, and then we applied an overlapping sliding window approach to identify haplotypes that show a deficit in homozygosity ... . The analysis yielded one strong candidate haplotype (DU1) harbouring a lethal recessive allele in the Duroc population, and four candidates in the Landrace population (LA1-4), respectively." (Edited by Emmi Payten 24/8/2021)
Molecular basis: Derks et al. (2019) reported the following variant as being likely causal for the embryonic lethality of haplotype LA2: "[a] frameshift mutation in exon 38 of the URB1 gene (13:g.195977038delC) caused by a 1-bp deletion . . . The frameshift (ENSSSCP00000036505:p.Val1961fs) introduces 26 novel amino acids and a premature stop codon, producing a truncated protein of 1,986 amino acids, lacking the final 261 amino acids compared to the wild-type protein (2,247 AA)."
Clinical features: Derks et al. (2019): "analysed the effect of the haplotypes on fertility phenotypes including total number born (TNB), number born alive (NBA), number of stillborn (NSB), and number of mummified piglets (MUM)." The reduction in litter size (total number born) in carrier x carrier matings, compared with carrier x non-carrier matings, was 15.9%. "No significant increase in number of stillborn (NSB) or mummified piglets (MUM) was found, suggesting that homozygotes die very early in pregnancy." (Edited by Emmi Payten 24/8/2021)
Prevalence: Derks et al. (2019) reported the carrier frequency of haplotype LA2 as 8.4%, with 2 observed homozygotes (compared with 49.5 expected).
Landrace (Pig) (VBO_0001161).
Breeds in which the phene has been documented. For breeds in which a likely causal variant has been documented, see the variant table below
|Symbol||Description||Species||Chr||Location||OMIA gene details page||Other Links|
|URB1||Sus scrofa||13||NC_010455.5 (196047882..195974790)||URB1||Homologene, Ensembl , NCBI gene|
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WARNING! Inclusion of a variant in this table does not automatically mean that it should be used for DNA testing. Anyone contemplating the use of any of these variants for DNA testing should examine critically the relevant evidence (especially in breeds other than the breed in which the variant was first described). If it is decided to proceed, the location and orientation of the variant sequence should be checked very carefully.
Since October 2021, OMIA includes a semiautomated lift-over pipeline to facilitate updates of genomic positions to a recent reference genome position. These changes to genomic positions are not always reflected in the ‘acknowledgements’ or ‘verbal description’ fields in this table.
|OMIA Variant ID||Breed(s)||Variant Phenotype||Gene||Allele||Type of Variant||Source of Genetic Variant||Reference Sequence||Chr.||g. or m.||c. or n.||p.||Verbal Description||EVA ID||Inferred EVA rsID||Year Published||PubMed ID(s)||Acknowledgements|
|1053||Landrace (Pig)||Embryonic lethality||URB1||deletion, small (<=20)||Naturally occurring variant||Sscrofa11.1||13||g.195977038del||p.(V1961fs)||Derks et al. (2019): "[a] frameshift mutation in exon 38 of the URB1 gene (13:g.195977038delC) caused by a 1-bp deletion . . . The frameshift (ENSSSCP00000036505:p.Val1961fs) introduces 26 novel amino acids and a premature stop codon, producing a truncated protein of 1,986 amino acids, lacking the final 261 amino acids compared to the wild-type protein (2,247 AA)."||2019||30875370|
Cite this entry
|2019||Derks, M.F.L., Gjuvsland, A.B., Bosse, M., Lopes, M.S., van Son, M., Harlizius, B., Tan, B.F., Hamland, H., Grindflek, E., Groenen, M.A.M., Megens, H.J., Derks, M.F.L., Gjuvsland, A.B., Bosse, M., Lopes, M.S., van Son, M., Harlizius, B., Tan, B.F., Hamland, H., Grindflek, E., Groenen, M.A.M., Megens, H.J. :|
|Loss of function mutations in essential genes cause embryonic lethality in pigs. PLoS Genet 15:e1008055, 2019. Pubmed reference: 30875370 . DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1008055.|
- Created by Frank Nicholas on 25 Mar 2019
- Changed by Frank Nicholas on 26 Mar 2019
- Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 27 May 2021
- Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 24 Aug 2021