OMIA:002205-9615 : Recurrent inflammatory pulmonary disease in Canis lupus familiaris (dog)
Categories: Respiratory system phene
Possibly relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s) (MIM number): 605729 (gene)
Links to MONDO diseases: No links.
Mendelian trait/disorder: yes
Mode of inheritance: Autosomal recessive
Considered a defect: yes
Key variant known: yes
Year key variant first reported: 2019
Inheritance: Hug et al. (2019): "Pedigree analysis suggested a recessive mode of inheritance".
Mapping: Hug et al. (2019): "Combined linkage and homozygosity mapping in three cases and seven non-affected family members delineated 19 critical intervals on 10 chromosomes comprising a total of 99 Mb."
Molecular basis: Comparison by Hug et al. (2019) of the genome sequence of one affected dog with the sequences of 601 control genomes showed that "only a single private homozygous protein-changing variant" was located within the candidate region of chromosome CFA10. "The detected variant was a 4 bp deletion, c.2717_2720delACAG, in the AKNA gene encoding the AT-hook transcription factor. It causes a frame-shift introducing a premature stop codon and truncates 37% of the open reading frame, p.(Asp906Alafs*173)".
Have human generated variants been created, e.g. through genetic engineering and gene editing
Clinical features: Hug et al. (2019): "The clinical symptoms were similar to primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) [OMIA 001540-9615]. However, the affected dogs did not carry any known pathogenic PCD variants"
Prevalence: Hug et al. (2019) "genotyped 88 Rough Collies consisting of family members and unrelated individuals. All three available cases were homozygous for the mutant allele and all 85 non-affected dogs were either homozygous wildtype (n = 67) or heterozygous (n = 18)".
Collie Rough (Dog) (VBO_0200376).
Breeds in which the phene has been documented. For breeds in which a likely causal variant has been documented, see the variant table below
|Symbol||Description||Species||Chr||Location||OMIA gene details page||Other Links|
|AKNA||AT-hook transcription factor||Canis lupus familiaris||11||NC_051815.1 (69735745..69685075)||AKNA||Homologene, Ensembl , NCBI gene|
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WARNING! Inclusion of a variant in this table does not automatically mean that it should be used for DNA testing. Anyone contemplating the use of any of these variants for DNA testing should examine critically the relevant evidence (especially in breeds other than the breed in which the variant was first described). If it is decided to proceed, the location and orientation of the variant sequence should be checked very carefully.
Since October 2021, OMIA includes a semiautomated lift-over pipeline to facilitate updates of genomic positions to a recent reference genome position. These changes to genomic positions are not always reflected in the ‘acknowledgements’ or ‘verbal description’ fields in this table.
|OMIA Variant ID||Breed(s)||Variant Phenotype||Gene||Allele||Type of Variant||Source of Genetic Variant||Reference Sequence||Chr.||g. or m.||c. or n.||p.||Verbal Description||EVA ID||Inferred EVA rsID||Year Published||PubMed ID(s)||Acknowledgements|
|1094||Collie Rough (Dog)||Recurrent inflammatory pulmonary disease||AKNA||deletion, small (<=20)||Naturally occurring variant||CanFam3.1||11||g.68576241_68576244del||c.2717_2720delACAG||p.(D906Afs*173)||XM_014117950.2: c.2717_2720delACAG; XP_013973425.1:p.(Asp906Alafs*173)||2019||31357536|
Cite this entry
|2019||Hug, P., Anderegg, L., Kehl, A., Jagannathan, V., Leeb, T., Hug, P., Anderegg, L., Kehl, A., Jagannathan, V., Leeb, T. :|
|AKNA frameshift variant in three dogs with recurrent inflammatory pulmonary disease. Genes (Basel) 10, 2019. Pubmed reference: 31357536. DOI: 10.3390/genes10080567.|
- Created by Frank Nicholas on 05 Sep 2019