OMIA:002219-9685 : Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, TAC3-related in Felis catus (domestic cat)

Categories: Reproductive system phene

Links to possible relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s) in OMIM: 614839 (trait) , 162330 (gene)

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Considered a defect: yes

Key variant known: yes

Year key variant first reported: 2019

Species-specific name: Testicular Hypoplasia and Persistent Primary Dentition

Molecular basis: Whole-genome sequencing of a Domestic Shorthair cat with delayed puberty, and subsequent searching for private variants in 40 comparative candidate genes for the homologous trait (hypogonadotropic hypogonadism) in humans enabled Hug et al. (2019) to identify a potentially causal variant as "TAC3:c.220G>A or p.(Val74Met)". The authors noted that TAC3 encodes "tachykinin 3, a precursor protein of the signaling molecule neurokinin B, which is known to play a role in sexual development". The authors stressed the need for caution with this result: "Given that this is a single case investigation and that we have no functional confirmation of neurokinin B deficiency, this result must be considered preliminary and should be interpreted with caution."

Clinical features: Hug et al. (2019): "A 3-year-old male domestic shorthair cat was presented with persistent primary dentition consisting of one primary maxillary canine . . . . Upon examination there was one small right testicle located in the scrotum. The left testicle could not be located. It was neither scrotal, nor palpable in the inguinal area. The external genitalia, including the urethral orifice, were in the normal position, although with a juvenile appearance because of their small size. The hair coat had an unkempt appearance. The cat had small body size but proportional growth. It had reportedly displayed mounting behavior toward another female cat in the household and showed an increasingly dominant–aggressive behavior toward other cats outside. The cat was presented for a follow-up examination at 4 years of age. No changes in behavior or the stage of adolescence were noticed."

Prevalence: Hug et al. (2019): "The affected cat was homozygous for the mutant allele. In a cohort of 171 randomly sampled cats, 169 were homozygous for the wildtype allele and 2 were heterozygous."

Control: Interestingly, Hug et al. (2019) noted that "In felines, efforts are underway to develop a method to permanently sterilize cats by RNAi-mediated silencing of KISS1 and TAC3 [KISS1 is another gene which, when mutated, gives rise to Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism in humans]. This method is predicted to lead to a reduction in the stray animal population and therefore decrease animal suffering and vectors for human disease".

Breed: Domestic Shorthair.
Breeds in which the phene has been documented. (If a likely causal variant has been documented for the phene, see the variant table breeds in which the variant has been reported).

Associated gene:

Symbol Description Species Chr Location OMIA gene details page Other Links
TAC3 tachykinin 3 Felis catus B4 NC_058374.1 (83383919..83376824) TAC3 Homologene, Ensembl , NCBI gene


By default, variants are sorted chronologically by year of publication, to provide a historical perspective. Readers can re-sort on any column by clicking on the column header. Click it again to sort in a descending order. To create a multiple-field sort, hold down Shift while clicking on the second, third etc relevant column headers.

WARNING! Inclusion of a variant in this table does not automatically mean that it should be used for DNA testing. Anyone contemplating the use of any of these variants for DNA testing should examine critically the relevant evidence (especially in breeds other than the breed in which the variant was first described). If it is decided to proceed, the location and orientation of the variant sequence should be checked very carefully.

Since October 2021, OMIA includes a semiautomated lift-over pipeline to facilitate updates of genomic positions to a recent reference genome position. These changes to genomic positions are not always reflected in the ‘acknowledgements’ or ‘verbal description’ fields in this table.

OMIA Variant ID Breed(s) Variant Phenotype Gene Allele Type of Variant Source of Genetic Variant Reference Sequence Chr. g. or m. c. or n. p. Verbal Description EVA ID Year Published PubMed ID(s) Acknowledgements
1132 Domestic Shorthair Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, TAC3-related TAC3 missense Naturally occurring variant Felis_catus_9.0 B4 g.85517451C>T c.220G>A p.(V74M) Hug et al. (2019): XM_003988924.5:c.220G>A; XP_003988973.1:p.(Val74Met) 2019 31615056

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2021). OMIA:002219-9685: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

2021 Rodney, A.R., Buckley, R.M., Fulton, R.S., Fronick, C., Richmond, T., Helps, C.R., Pantke, P., Trent, D.J., Vernau, K.M., Munday, J.S., Lewin, A.C., Middleton, R., Lyons, L.A., Warren, W.C. :
A domestic cat whole exome sequencing resource for trait discovery. Sci Rep 11:7159, 2021. Pubmed reference: 33785770. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-86200-7.
2020 Szczerbal, I., Switonski, M. :
Genetic disorders of sex development in cats: An update. Anim Reprod Sci 216:106353, 2020. Pubmed reference: 32414464. DOI: 10.1016/j.anireprosci.2020.106353.
2019 Hug, P., Kern, P., Jagannathan, V., Leeb, T. :
A TAC3 missense variant in a domestic shorthair cat with testicular hypoplasia and persistent primary dentition. Genes (Basel) 10, 2019. Pubmed reference: 31615056. DOI: 10.3390/genes10100806.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 23 Oct 2019
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 23 Oct 2019
  • Changed by Tosso Leeb on 24 Oct 2019
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 17 Sep 2021