OMIA 002230-9913 : Hypotrichosis, HEPHL1-related in Bos taurus

Possibly relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s) (MIM number): 261990

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Mode of inheritance: Autosomal Recessive

Considered a defect: yes

Key variant known: yes

Year key variant first reported: 2012

Cross-species summary: Also known as Hairless

Molecular basis: Marron and Beever (2012) reported the causal mutation of hypotrichosis in Belted Galloway cattle to be "an A1684T substitution in exon 9 of hephaestin-like 1 (HEPHL1) resulting in a premature stop codon (K562X)". They further noted that "Hephaestin-like 1 is responsible for copper ion transport. Copper deficiency has been shown to cause anemia, poor immune function, slower growth rates and discolored or poor hair coats in cattle."

Breed: Belted Galloway.

Associated gene:

Symbol Description Species Chr Location OMIA gene details page Other Links
HEPHL1 hephaestin like 1 Bos taurus 29 NC_037356.1 (770614..679014) HEPHL1 Homologene, Ensembl, NCBI gene


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WARNING! Inclusion of a variant in this table does not automatically mean that it should be used for DNA testing. Anyone contemplating the use of any of these variants for DNA testing should examine critically the relevant evidence (especially in breeds other than the breed in which the variant was first described). If it is decided to proceed, the location and orientation of the variant sequence should be checked very carefully.

Breed(s) Variant Phenotype Gene Allele Type of Variant Reference Sequence Chr. g. or m. c. or n. p. Verbal Description EVA ID Year Published PubMed ID(s) Acknowledgements
Belted Galloway Hypotrichosis HEPHL1 nonsense (stop-gain) UMD 3.1 29 g.695072A>T c.1684A>T p.K562* 2012 Reference not in PubMed; see OMIA 002230-9913 for reference details Variant coordinates obtained from or confirmed by EBI's Some Effect Predictor (VEP) tool


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.
2019 Zepeda-Batista, J.L., Parra-Bracamonte, G.M., Núñez-Domínguez, R., Ramírez-Valverde, R., Ruíz-Flores, A., Zepeda-Batista, J.L., Parra-Bracamonte, G.M., Núñez-Domínguez, R., Ramírez-Valverde, R., Ruíz-Flores, A. :
Screening genetic diseases prevalence in Braunvieh cattle. Trop Anim Health Prod 51:25-31, 2019. Pubmed reference: 30014197. DOI: 10.1007/s11250-018-1655-y.
2012 Marron, B., Beever, J.E. :
A Mutation in Hephaestin-Like 1 (HEPHL1) is Responsible for Hypotrichosis in Belted Galloway Cattle Plant & Animal Genome (PAG) XX :Abstract P0559, 2012.

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  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 28 Jan 2020