OMIA:002280-9644 : Coat colour, albinism, generic in Ursus arctos

In other species: Bornean orangutan , rainbow trout , axolotl , African clawed frog , turkey vulture , American black bear , Campbell's desert hamster , meadow voles , western chorus frog , grass carp , Sumatran tiger , grivet , dog , sheep , Arizona pocket mouse , nutria , eastern chipmunk , rufous rat-kangaroo , hippopotamus , hares , northern pocket gopher , North American deer mouse , golden hamster , gray short-tailed opossum , American bison , raccoon , , fishing cat , cattle

Categories: Pigmentation phene

Links to MONDO diseases: No links.

Mendelian trait/disorder: unknown

Considered a defect: yes

Cross-species summary: Congenital lack of pigment in all parts of the body. See also Skin colour, albinism, generic

History: As reported by Laikre et al. (1996), "Albinism first occurred in the [Nordic zoos] population in 1972 when an albino cub was born in Helsinki zoo in Finland. Since then, at least an additional 11 albino individuals have been born. "

Inheritance: Laikre et al. (1996): "We have not performed a thorough inheritance study of the albinism in the brown bear, but there are no indications of a different mode of inheritance [i.e. not autosomal recessive] in the present population. "


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

1999 Laikre, L. :
Conservation genetics of Nordic carnivores: lessons from zoos. Hereditas 130:203-16, 1999. Pubmed reference: 10509137 . DOI: 10.1111/j.1601-5223.1999.00203.x.
Laikre, L. :
Hereditary defects and conservation genetic management of captive populations Zoo Biology 18:81-99, 1999. DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2361(1999)18:2<81::AID-ZOO1>3.0.CO;2-2.
1997 Andren, R., Laikre, L., Ryman, N. :
Genetic status of the captive brown bear Ursus arctos population in Nordic zoos. International Zoo Yearbook 35:289-296, 1997. DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-1090.1997.tb01223.x.
1996 Laikre, L., Andren, R., Larsson, H.O., Ryman, N. :
Inbreeding depression in brown bear ursus arctos Biological Conservation 76:69-72, 1996. DOI: 10.1016/0006-3207(95)00084-4.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 29 Jun 2020
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 29 Jun 2020