OMIA:002464-9823 : Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome, NLRP3-related in Sus scrofa (pig)
Categories: Immune system phene
Links to MONDO diseases: No links.
Mendelian trait/disorder: yes
Considered a defect: yes
Key variant known: yes
Year key variant first reported: 2020
Species-specific description: This phene includes references to studies involving genetically modified organisms (GMO).
Molecular basis: Li et al. (2020): "an NLRP3 gain-of-function pig model carrying a homozygous R259W mutation was generated by combining CRISPR/Cpf1-mediated somatic cell genome editing with nuclear transfer."
Have human generated variants been created, e.g. through genetic engineering and gene editing
Clinical features: Li et al. (2020): "The newborn NLRP3 R259W homozygous piglets showed early mortality, poor growth, and spontaneous systemic inflammation symptoms, including skin lesion, joint inflammation, severe contracture, and inflammation-mediated multiorgan failure. Severe myocardial fibrosis was also observed. ... Notably, approximately half of the homozygous piglets grew up to adulthood and even gave birth to offspring. Although the F1 heterozygous piglets showed improved survival rate and normal weight gain, 39.1% (nine out of 23) of the piglets died early and exhibited spontaneous systemic inflammation symptoms.
Pathology: Li et al. (2020): The tissues of inflamed skins and several organs showed significantly increased expressions of NLRP3, Caspase-1, and inflammation-associated cytokines and factors (i.e., IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-17).
Large White (Pig) (VBO_0001163).
Breeds in which the phene has been documented. For breeds in which a likely causal variant has been documented, see the variant table below
|Symbol||Description||Species||Chr||Location||OMIA gene details page||Other Links|
|NLRP3||NLR family, pyrin domain containing 3||Sus scrofa||2||NC_010444.4 (56977412..56892241)||NLRP3||Homologene, Ensembl , NCBI gene|
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WARNING! Inclusion of a variant in this table does not automatically mean that it should be used for DNA testing. Anyone contemplating the use of any of these variants for DNA testing should examine critically the relevant evidence (especially in breeds other than the breed in which the variant was first described). If it is decided to proceed, the location and orientation of the variant sequence should be checked very carefully.
Since October 2021, OMIA includes a semiautomated lift-over pipeline to facilitate updates of genomic positions to a recent reference genome position. These changes to genomic positions are not always reflected in the ‘acknowledgements’ or ‘verbal description’ fields in this table.
|OMIA Variant ID||Breed(s)||Variant Phenotype||Gene||Allele||Type of Variant||Source of Genetic Variant||Reference Sequence||Chr.||g. or m.||c. or n.||p.||Verbal Description||EVA ID||Inferred EVA rsID||Year Published||PubMed ID(s)||Acknowledgements|
|1370||Large White (Pig)||Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome||NLRP3||missense||Genome editing (CRISPR/Cpf1)||2||p.(R259W)||2020||32958688|
Cite this entry
Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.
|2021||Li, W., Shi, L., Zhuang, Z., Wu, H., Lian, M., Chen, Y., Li, L., Ge, W., Jin, Q., Zhang, Q., Zhao, Y., Liu, Z., Ouyang, Z., Ye, Y., Li, Y., Wang, H., Liao, Y., Quan, L., Xiao, L., Lai, L., Meng, G., Wang, K. :|
|Correction: Engineered pigs carrying a gain-of-function NLRP3 homozygous mutation can survive to adulthood and accurately recapitulate human systemic spontaneous inflammatory responses. J Immunol 207:2385-2386, 2021. Pubmed reference: 34580110. DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.2100753.|
|Tanihara, F., Hirata, M., Otoi, T. :|
|Current status of the application of gene editing in pigs. J Reprod Dev 67:177-187, 2021. Pubmed reference: 33840678. DOI: 10.1262/jrd.2021-025.|
|2020||Li, W., Shi, L., Zhuang, Z., Wu, H., Lian, M., Chen, Y., Li, L., Ge, W., Jin, Q., Zhang, Q., Zhao, Y., Liu, Z., Ouyang, Z., Ye, Y., Li, Y., Wang, H., Liao, Y., Quan, L., Xiao, L., Lai, L., Meng, G., Wang, K. :|
|Engineered pigs carrying a gain-of-function NLRP3 homozygous mutation can survive to adulthood and accurately recapitulate human systemic spontaneous inflammatory responses. J Immunol 205:2532-2544, 2020. Pubmed reference: 32958688. DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.1901468.|
|2018||Wu, H., Liu, Q., Shi, H., Xie, J., Zhang, Q., Ouyang, Z., Li, N., Yang, Y., Liu, Z., Zhao, Y., Lai, C., Ruan, D., Peng, J., Ge, W., Chen, F., Fan, N., Jin, Q., Liang, Y., Lan, T., Yang, X., Wang, X., Lei, Z., Doevendans, P.A., Sluijter, J.P.G., Wang, K., Li, X., Lai, L. :|
|Engineering CRISPR/Cpf1 with tRNA promotes genome editing capability in mammalian systems. Cell Mol Life Sci 75:3593-3607, 2018. Pubmed reference: 29637228. DOI: 10.1007/s00018-018-2810-3.|
- Created by Imke Tammen2 on 26 Oct 2021
- Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 26 Oct 2021
- Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 26 Dec 2021