OMIA:002600-9986 : Amelogenesis imperfecta, FAM83H-related in Oryctolagus cuniculus (rabbit)

Categories: Skeleton phene (incl. short stature & teeth)

Links to possible relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s) in OMIM: 611927 (gene) , 130900 (trait)

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Considered a defect: yes

Key variant known: yes

Year key variant first reported: 2022

Species-specific description: Zhang et al. (2022): "Fam83h mutations cause human amelogenesis imperfecta (AI), an inherited disorder characterized by severe hardness defects in dental enamel. ... a large deletion of the Fam83h gene (900 bp) was generated via a dual sgRNA-directed CRISPR/Cas9 system in rabbits." This study involves genetically modified organisms (GMO).

Genetic engineering: Yes - variants have been created artificially, e.g. by genetic engineering or gene editing
Have human generated variants been created, e.g. through genetic engineering and gene editing

Clinical features: Zhang et al. (2022): "Abnormal tooth mineralization and loose dentine were found in homozygous Fam83h knockout (Fam83h-/-) rabbits compared with WT rabbits. In addition, reduced hair follicle counts in dorsal skin, hair cycling dysfunction and hair shaft differentiation deficiency were observed in Fam83h-/- rabbits. Moreover, X-rays and staining of bone sections showed abnormal bending of the ulna and radius and an ulnar articular surface with insufficient trabecular bone in Fam83h-/- rabbits."

Breed: New Zealand White (Rabbit) (VBO_0001269).
Breeds in which the phene has been documented. (If a likely causal variant has been documented for the phene, see the variant table breeds in which the variant has been reported).

Associated gene:

Symbol Description Species Chr Location OMIA gene details page Other Links
FAM83H family with sequence similarity 83, member H Oryctolagus cuniculus NW_026258055.1 (20253..7729) FAM83H Homologene, Ensembl , NCBI gene

Variants

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WARNING! Inclusion of a variant in this table does not automatically mean that it should be used for DNA testing. Anyone contemplating the use of any of these variants for DNA testing should examine critically the relevant evidence (especially in breeds other than the breed in which the variant was first described). If it is decided to proceed, the location and orientation of the variant sequence should be checked very carefully.

Since October 2021, OMIA includes a semiautomated lift-over pipeline to facilitate updates of genomic positions to a recent reference genome position. These changes to genomic positions are not always reflected in the ‘acknowledgements’ or ‘verbal description’ fields in this table.

OMIA Variant ID Breed(s) Variant Phenotype Gene Allele Type of Variant Source of Genetic Variant Reference Sequence Chr. g. or m. c. or n. p. Verbal Description EVA ID Year Published PubMed ID(s) Acknowledgements
1511 New Zealand White (Rabbit) Amelogenesis imperfecta FAM83H deletion, gross (>20) Genome-editing (CRISPR-Cas9) large deletion of more then 900bp in exon 5 2022 36300761

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2023). OMIA:002600-9986: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset]. https://omia.org/. https://doi.org/10.25910/2AMR-PV70

Reference

2022 Zhang, Y., Yang, J., Yao, H., Zhang, Z., Song, Y. :
CRISPR/Cas9-mediated deletion of Fam83h induces defective tooth mineralization and hair development in rabbits. J Cell Mol Med 26:5670-5679, 2022. Pubmed reference: 36300761. DOI: 10.1111/jcmm.17597.

Edit History


  • Created by Imke Tammen2 on 24 Nov 2022
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 24 Nov 2022
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 18 Dec 2023