OMIA:000034-9031 : Amelanosis, delayed in Gallus gallus (chicken)

Categories: Pigmentation phene

Mendelian trait/disorder: no

Mode of inheritance: Multifactorial

Considered a defect: yes

Key variant known: no

Species-specific name: Delayed amelanosis (DAM) line; Smyth line; vitiligo

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2011). OMIA:000034-9031: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

1995 Sreekumar, G.P., Smyth, J.R., Erf, G.F. :
Immune Response to Sheep Red Blood Cells in 2 Smyth Line Populations Homozygous for Different Major Histocompatibility Complex Haplotypes Poultry Science 74:951-956, 1995. Pubmed reference: 7644424.
1993 Lahiri, D., Bailey, C.F. :
A Comparison of Phagocytosis by the Retinal Pigment Epithelium in Normal and Delayed Amelanotic Chickens Experimental Eye Research 56:625-634, 1993. Pubmed reference: 8595805. DOI: 10.1006/exer.1993.1080.
1989 Boyle, M.L., Hemendinger, R.A., Damon, R.A., Smyth, J.R. :
Effect of Eumelanic Phenotypes on the Expression of Amelanosis in the Smyth Chicken Poultry Science 68:1319-1325, 1989. Pubmed reference: 2587467.
1987 Boyle, M.L., Pardue, S.L., Smyth, J.R. :
Effect of corticosterone on the incidence of amelanosis in Smyth delayed amelanotic line chickens. Poult Sci 66:363-7, 1987. Pubmed reference: 3588505.
Pardue, S.L., Fite, K.V., Bengston, L., Lamont, S.J., Boyle, M.L., Smyth, J.R. :
Enhanced integumental and ocular amelanosis following the termination of cyclosporine administration. J Invest Dermatol 88:758-61, 1987. Pubmed reference: 3585059.
1986 Boissy, R.E., Moellmann, G., Trainer, A.T., Smyth, J.R., Lerner, A.B. :
Delayed-amelanotic (DAM or Smyth) chicken: melanocyte dysfunction in vivo and in vitro. J Invest Dermatol 86:149-56, 1986. Pubmed reference: 3091704.
1984 Boissy, R.E., Lamont, S.J., Smyth, J.R. :
Persistence of abnormal melanocytes in immunosuppressed chickens of the autoimmune "DAM" line. Cell Tissue Res 235:663-8, 1984. Pubmed reference: 6713493.
Lamont, S.J., Smyth, J.R. :
Effect of selection for delayed amelanosis on immune response in chickens. 1. Antibody production. Poult Sci 63:436-9, 1984. Pubmed reference: 6425816.
Lamont, S.J., Smyth, J.R. :
Effect of selection for delayed amelanosis on immune response in chickens. 2. Cell-mediated immunity. Poult Sci 63:440-2, 1984. Pubmed reference: 6718297.
1983 Boissy, R.E., Smyth, J.R., Fite, K.V. :
Progressive cytologic changes during the development of delayed feather amelanosis and associated choroidal defects in the DAM chicken line. A vitiligo model. Am J Pathol 111:197-212, 1983. Pubmed reference: 6846502.
Fite, K.V., Whitney, T., Montgomery, N., Smyth, J.R. :
Behavioral and central visual correlates of inherited retinal degeneration in the domestic chicken (Gallus domesticus). Exp Neurol 79:729-45, 1983. Pubmed reference: 6297951.
1982 Lamont, S.J., Boissy, R.E., Smyth, J.R. :
Humoral immune response and expression of spontaneous postnatal amelanosis in DAM line chickens. Immunol Commun 11:121-7, 1982. Pubmed reference: 6811419.
1981 Smyth, J.R., Boissy, R.E., Fite, K.V., Albert, D.M. :
Retinal dystrophy associated with a postnatal amelanosis in the chicken. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 20:799-803, 1981. Pubmed reference: 7239849.
Smyth, J.R. (Jr), Boissy, R.E., Fite, K.V. :
The DAM chicken: a model for spontaneous postnatal cutaneous and ocular amelanosis Journal of Heredity 72:150-156, 1981. Pubmed reference: 7276522.
1977 Boissy, R.E., Fite, K.V., Smyth, J.R. :
The DAM chicken, a new animal model for vitiligo Yale Journal of Biological Medicine 50:5 (abstract, Suppl.), 1977.
Smyth, J.R., Boissy, R.E., Gawron, M.F. :
An inherited delayed amelanosis with associated blindness in the domestic fowl Poultry Science 56:5, 1977.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2005
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 04 Nov 2011