OMIA:000168-9796 : Cataract, generic in Equus caballus (horse)

In other species: chicken , grivet , crab-eating macaque , dog , giant panda , domestic ferret , domestic cat , lion , ass (donkey) , taurine cattle , sheep , rabbit , domestic guinea pig , degu , bald eagle , green monkey

Categories: Vision / eye phene

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Considered a defect: yes

Key variant known: no

Key variant is published: no

Cross-species summary: Opacity of the lens of the eye.

Inheritance: Genetic and non-genetic forms of cataract exist. According to Detlefson and Yapp (1920; American Naturalist 54: 277-280; see OMIA:000168-9913), Hurst (1910) reported that in some breeds "cataract-blindness in horses is a Mendelian trait".

Breeds: American Trotter (Horse) (VBO_0000899), Lipizzan horse (Horse) (VBO_0001014).
Breeds in which the phene has been documented. (If a likely causal variant has been documented for the phene, see the variant table breeds in which the variant has been reported).

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2024). OMIA:000168-9796: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

2023 Plotsker, N.M., Bellone, R.R., Ledbetter, E.C., Irby, N.L., Good, K.L., Knickelbein, K.E. :
Breed predispositions to congenital and juvenile cataracts in horses at two academic institutions. Equine Vet J , 2023. Pubmed reference: 38095155. DOI: 10.1111/evj.14034.
2013 Rushton, J., Tichy, A., Brem, G., Druml, T., Nell, B. :
Ophthalmological findings in a closed herd of Lipizzaners. Equine Vet J 45:209-13, 2013. Pubmed reference: 23009263. DOI: 10.1111/j.2042-3306.2012.00630.x.
1947 Weber, W. :
Congenital cataract, a recessive mutation in the horse Schweizer Archiv fur Tierheilkunde 89:397-, 1947.
1910 Hurst, C.C. :
Mendelian characters in plants, animals, and man Verh. d. Naturf. Ver in Brunn 49:192-213, 1910.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2005
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 05 Oct 2011
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 24 Aug 2012
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 05 Jun 2024
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 15 Jun 2024