OMIA:000243-9796 : Cryptorchidism in Equus caballus (horse)

In other species: dog , domestic cat , puma , pig , Arabian camel , llama , taurine cattle , goat , sheep , domestic yak , alpaca

Categories: Reproductive system phene

Possibly relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s) (MIM number): 219050 (trait)

Links to MONDO diseases:

Mendelian trait/disorder: unknown

Considered a defect: yes

Cross-species summary: Failure of one (unilateral) or both (bilateral) testes to descend.

Genetic engineering: Unknown
Have human generated variants been created, e.g. through genetic engineering and gene editing

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2005). OMIA:000243-9796: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

2024 Cinone, M., Albrizio, M., Guaricci, A.C., Lacitignola, L., Desantis, S. :
Testicular expression of heat SHOCK proteins 60, 70, and 90 in cryptorchid horses. Theriogenology 217:S0093-691X(24)00025-6:83-91, 2024. Pubmed reference: 38262223. DOI: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2024.01.019.
2022 Castaneda, C., Radović, L., Felkel, S., Juras, R., Davis, B.W., Cothran, E.G., Wallner, B., Raudsepp, T. :
Copy number variation of horse Y chromosome genes in normal equine populations and in horses with abnormal sex development and subfertility: relationship of copy number variations with Y haplogroups. G3 (Bethesda) 12:jkac278, 2022. Pubmed reference: 36227030. DOI: 10.1093/g3journal/jkac278.
2021 Chai, S., Huang, X., Wu, T., Xu, S., Ren, W., Yang, G. :
Comparative genomics reveals molecular mechanisms underlying health and reproduction in cryptorchid mammals. BMC Genomics 22:763, 2021. Pubmed reference: 34702182. DOI: 10.1186/s12864-021-08084-1.
2020 Ghosh, S., Davis, B.W., Rosengren, M., Jevit, M.J., Castaneda, C., Arnold, C., Jaxheimer, J., Love, C.C., Varner, D.D., Lindgren, G., Wade, C.M., Raudsepp, T. :
Characterization of a homozygous deletion of steroid hormone biosynthesis genes in horse chromosome 29 as a risk factor for disorders of sex development and reproduction. Genes (Basel) 11, 2020. Pubmed reference: 32120906. DOI: 10.3390/genes11030251.
1999 Aupperle, H., Gerlach, K., Bartmann, C.P., Beerhenke, S., Schoon, H.A. :
Histopathological findings in the cryptorchid testes of stallions Pferdeheilkunde 15:515-+, 1999.
Searle, D., Dart, A.J., Dart, C.M., Hodgson, D.R. :
Equine castration: review of anatomy, approaches, techniques and complications in normal, cryptorchid and monorchid horses Australian Veterinary Journal 77:428-434, 1999. Pubmed reference: 10451725.
1998 Fischer, A.T., Vachon, A.M. :
Laparoscopic intra-abdominal ligation and removal of cryptorchid testes in horses Equine Veterinary Journal 30:105-108, 1998. Pubmed reference: 9535065.
Palme, R., Scherzer, S., Stollar, K., Nagy, P., Szenci, O., Mostl, E. :
Hormonal diagnosis of equine cryptorchidism Wiener Tierarztliche Monatsschrift 85:188-191, 1998.
Rocken, M. :
Laparoscopic chryptorchidectomy and ovariectomy in the standing horse - part 1 - laparoscopic diagnosis and castration of the abdominal cryptorchid horse [German] Praktische Tierarzt 79:113 ff., 1998.
Toth, J., Scheidemann, W. :
Castration of cryptorchid stallions [Hungarian] Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja 120:27-32, 1998.
Toth, J., Hollerrider, J., Scheidemann, W., Kovac, M. :
Masculine (testicular) pseudohermaphroditism and concurrent cryptorchidism in a horse [Hungarian] Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja 120:579-581, 1998.
1997 Rodgerson, D.H., Hanson, R.R. :
Cryptorchidism in horses .1. anatomy, causes, and diagnosis Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian 19:1280 ff., 1997.
Rodgerson, D.H., Hanson, R.R. :
Cryptorchidism in horses .2. treatment Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian 19:1372 ff., 1997.
1995 Dalin, G. :
Control of genetically determined diseases and defects in Swedish horse breeding Equine Veterinary Journal 27:411-415, 1995.
1994 Constant, S.B., Larsen, R.E., Asbury, A.C., Buoen, L.C., Mayo, M. :
XX male syndrome in a cryptorchid stallion. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 205:83-85, 1994. Pubmed reference: 7928556.
Palme, R., Holzmann, A., Mitterer, T. :
Measuring fecal estrogens for the diagnosis of cryptorchidism in horses Theriogenology 42:1381-1387, 1994.
Schumacher, J., Lenz, S.D., Walker, W. :
Cystic Rete Testis Associated with Cryptorchidism in a Horse Veterinary Pathology 31:115-117, 1994. Pubmed reference: 7908154.
1990 Vandervelden, M.A. :
Cryptorchidism in Horses Tijdschrift Voor Diergeneeskunde 115:399-409, 1990. Pubmed reference: 1971462.
1950 Flechsig, J. :
Hereditary cryptorchidism in a depot stallion Tierzucht 4:208-, 1950.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2005