OMIA:000585-9615 : Leg weakness in Canis lupus familiaris

In other species: turkey , domestic cat , pig , cattle , sheep , rabbit

Categories: Limbs / digit / tail phene

Links to MONDO diseases: No links.

Mendelian trait/disorder: unknown

Considered a defect: yes

Cross-species summary: Congenital defect of the hindlimbs that prevents standing, because the hindlimbs are splayed. In some cases all limbs are affected.

Species-specific name: Swimmer syndrome, Swimming pup syndrome

Inheritance: Tomihari et al. (2022): "The heritability of the swimmer-puppy onset trait was 0.80" in Labrador retrievers.

Breeds: Bouvier, English Bulldog, Labrador Retriever, Miniature Schnauzer, Siberian Husky.


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

2022 Tomihari, M., Nobutoki, Y., Nakajima, N., Yanagawa, M., Tagawa, M., Hagiya, K., Nomura, T., Suwa, Y., Suzuki, H. :
Factors contributing to the swimmer puppy syndrome found in Labrador retrievers. BMC Vet Res 18:120, 2022. Pubmed reference: 35351139 . DOI: 10.1186/s12917-022-03226-3.
2013 Kim, S.A., Na, K.J., Cho, J.K., Shin, N.S. :
Home-care treatment of swimmer syndrome in a miniature schnauzer dog. Can Vet J 54:869-72, 2013. Pubmed reference: 24155492 .
Nganvongpanit, K., Yano, T. :
Prevalence of swimming puppy syndrome in 2,443 puppies during the years 2006-2012 in Thailand. Vet Med Int 2013:617803, 2013. Pubmed reference: 23819102 . DOI: 10.1155/2013/617803.
2012 Nganvongpanit, K. :
Serum biochemistry in four Siberian husky puppies with swimming puppy syndrome Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine 2:230-2, 2012. DOI: 10.4236/ojvm.2012.24036.
2009 Yardımcı, C., Özak, A., Özlem, H., Sinan, Y., Kodu, M. :
Swimming syndrome in two Labrador puppies. Kafkas Universitesi Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi 15:637-40, 2009.
2006 Verhoeven, G., de Rooster, H., Risselada, M., Wiemer, P., Scheire, L., van Bree, H. :
Swimmer syndrome in a Devon rex kitten and an English bulldog puppy. J Small Anim Pract 47:615-9, 2006. Pubmed reference: 17004956 . DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-5827.2006.00069.x.
1994 Poncelet, L., Gilbert, S., Jauniaux, T., Balligand, M. :
Swimming puppy syndrome in a litter of Bouvier-des-Flandres. Annales de Medecine Veterinaire 138:121-123, 1994.

Edit History

  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 14 Oct 2021
  • Created by Imke Tammen2 on 14 Oct 2021
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 27 Oct 2022
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 31 Oct 2022