OMIA:000585-9615 : Leg weakness in Canis lupus familiaris (dog)

In other species: Mallard , turkey , domestic cat , pig , taurine cattle , sheep , rabbit

Categories: Limbs / fins / digit / tail phene

Mendelian trait/disorder: unknown

Considered a defect: yes

Cross-species summary: Congenital defect of the hindlimbs that prevents standing, because the hindlimbs are splayed. In some cases all limbs are affected.

Species-specific name: Swimmer syndrome, swimming pup syndrome, swimming puppy syndrome

Inheritance: Tomihari et al. (2022): "The heritability of the swimmer-puppy onset trait was 0.80" in Labrador retrievers.

Breeds: Bouvier (Dog) (VBO_0200206), English Bulldog (Dog) (VBO_0200485), Labrador Retriever (Dog) (VBO_0200800), Miniature Schnauzer (Dog) (VBO_0200896), Siberian Husky (Dog) (VBO_0201233).
Breeds in which the phene has been documented. (If a likely causal variant has been documented for the phene, see the variant table breeds in which the variant has been reported).

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2023). OMIA:000585-9615: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

2024 Estevam, M.V., Toniollo, G.H., Apparicio, M. :
The most common congenital malformations in dogs: Literature review and practical guide. Res Vet Sci 171:S0034-5288(24)00096-1:105230, 2024. Pubmed reference: 38492280. DOI: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2024.105230.
2023 Rumpel, L., Kölle, P., Mille, M.A., Lauer, S.K., Zablotski, Y., Fischer, A. :
A questionnaire-based investigation of the swimming puppy syndrome: 115 dogs. Front Vet Sci 10:1233277, 2023. Pubmed reference: 37671281. DOI: 10.3389/fvets.2023.1233277.
2022 Tomihari, M., Nobutoki, Y., Nakajima, N., Yanagawa, M., Tagawa, M., Hagiya, K., Nomura, T., Suwa, Y., Suzuki, H. :
Factors contributing to the swimmer puppy syndrome found in Labrador retrievers. BMC Vet Res 18:120, 2022. Pubmed reference: 35351139. DOI: 10.1186/s12917-022-03226-3.
2013 Kim, S.A., Na, K.J., Cho, J.K., Shin, N.S. :
Home-care treatment of swimmer syndrome in a miniature schnauzer dog. Can Vet J 54:869-72, 2013. Pubmed reference: 24155492.
Nganvongpanit, K., Yano, T. :
Prevalence of swimming puppy syndrome in 2,443 puppies during the years 2006-2012 in Thailand. Vet Med Int 2013:617803, 2013. Pubmed reference: 23819102. DOI: 10.1155/2013/617803.
2012 Nganvongpanit, K. :
Serum biochemistry in four Siberian husky puppies with swimming puppy syndrome Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine 2:230-2, 2012. DOI: 10.4236/ojvm.2012.24036.
2009 Yardımcı, C., Özak, A., Özlem, H., Sinan, Y., Kodu, M. :
Swimming syndrome in two Labrador puppies. Kafkas Universitesi Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi 15:637-40, 2009.
2006 Verhoeven, G., de Rooster, H., Risselada, M., Wiemer, P., Scheire, L., van Bree, H. :
Swimmer syndrome in a Devon rex kitten and an English bulldog puppy. J Small Anim Pract 47:615-9, 2006. Pubmed reference: 17004956. DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-5827.2006.00069.x.
1994 Poncelet, L., Gilbert, S., Jauniaux, T., Balligand, M. :
Swimming puppy syndrome in a litter of Bouvier-des-Flandres. Annales de Medecine Veterinaire 138:121-123, 1994.

Edit History

  • Created by Imke Tammen2 on 14 Oct 2021
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 14 Oct 2021
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 27 Oct 2022
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 31 Oct 2022
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 07 Sep 2023