OMIA:000693-9031 : Myopathy in Gallus gallus (chicken)

In other species: dog , golden hamster

Categories: Muscle phene

Links to MONDO diseases: No links.

Mendelian trait/disorder: unknown

Considered a defect: yes

Species-specific name: Wooden breast (WB), white striping (WS), spaghetti meat, and gaping

Species-specific description: Lake et al. (2021): "Wooden breast (WB) and white striping (WS) are highly prevalent and economically damaging muscle disorders of modern commercial broiler chickens characterized respectively by palpable firmness and fatty white striations running parallel to the muscle fiber. ... a genome-wide association study was conducted using a commercial crossbred broiler population (n = 1193). Heritability was estimated at 0.5 for WB and WS with high genetic correlation between them (0.88). GWAS revealed 28 quantitative trait loci (QTL) on five chromosomes for WB and 6 QTL on one chromosome for WS, with the majority of QTL for both myopathies located in a ~ 8 Mb region of chromosome 5."

Genetic engineering: Unknown
Have human generated variants been created, e.g. through genetic engineering and gene editing

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2023). OMIA:000693-9031: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

2024 Pizzol, M.S.D., Ibelli, A.M.G., Cantão, M.E., Campos, F.G., de Oliveira, H.C., de Oliveira Peixoto, J., Fernandes, L.T., de Castro Tavernari, F., Morés, M.A.Z., Bastos, A.P.A., Ledur, M.C. :
Differential expression of miRNAs associated with pectoral myopathies in young broilers: insights from a comparative transcriptome analysis. BMC Genomics 25:104, 2024. Pubmed reference: 38262955. DOI: 10.1186/s12864-024-09983-9.
Wang, Z., Khondowe, P., Brannick, E., Abasht, B. :
Spatial transcriptomics reveals alterations in perivascular macrophage lipid metabolism in the onset of Wooden Breast myopathy in broiler chickens. Sci Rep 14:3450, 2024. Pubmed reference: 38342952. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-024-53904-5.
2023 Alnahhas, N., Pouliot, E., Saucier, L. :
The hypoxia-inducible factor 1 pathway plays a critical role in the development of breast muscle myopathies in broiler chickens: a comprehensive review. Front Physiol 14:1260987, 2023. Pubmed reference: 37719466. DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2023.1260987.
Emambu, M., Haron, A., Lokshtanov, D., Shinder, D., Druyan, S. :
Effects of genetic selection for fast growth on the development of wooden breast myopathy in broilers. Br Poult Sci 64:773-780, 2023. Pubmed reference: 37807899. DOI: 10.1080/00071668.2023.2263879.
Lebednikaite, E., Anskiene, L., Balciauskiene, Z., Pockevicius, A. :
The incidence and associated risk factors affecting myopathies in broiler chickens in Lithuania. Pol J Vet Sci 26:483-491, 2023. Pubmed reference: 37727927. DOI: 10.24425/pjvs.2023.145057.
Pejšková, L., Rønning, S.B., Kent, M.P., Solberg, N.T., Høst, V., Thu-Hien, T., Wold, J.P., Lunde, M., Mosleth, E., Pisconti, A., Kolset, S.O., Carlson, C.R., Pedersen, M.E. :
Characterization of wooden breast myopathy: a focus on syndecans and ECM remodeling. Front Physiol 14:1301804, 2023. Pubmed reference: 38130476. DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2023.1301804.
Velleman, S.G. :
Broiler breast muscle myopathies: association with satellite cells. Poult Sci 102:102917, 2023. Pubmed reference: 37478619. DOI: 10.1016/j.psj.2023.102917.
Wang, Z., Brannick, E., Abasht, B. :
Integrative transcriptomic and metabolomic analysis reveals alterations in energy metabolism and mitochondrial functionality in broiler chickens with wooden breast. Sci Rep 13:4747, 2023. Pubmed reference: 36959331. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-31429-7.
Zhang, X., Xing, T., Li, J., Zhang, L., Gao, F. :
Mitochondrial dysfunction and calcium dyshomeostasis in the pectoralis major muscle of broiler chickens with wooden breast myopathy. Poult Sci 102:102872, 2023. Pubmed reference: 37390551. DOI: 10.1016/j.psj.2023.102872.
Zhang, X., Smith, S.W., Zaldivar, L.R., Lesak, D.J., Schilling, M.W. :
Study of emerging chicken meat quality defects using OMICs: What do we know? J Proteomics 276:104837, 2023. Pubmed reference: 36781045. DOI: 10.1016/j.jprot.2023.104837.
Zhang, Y., Huang, M., Shao, X., Zhang, F., Li, Z., Bai, Y., Xu, X., Wang, P., Zhao, T. :
Insights into intramuscular connective tissue associated with wooden breast myopathy in fast-growing broiler chickens. Foods 12:2375, 2023. Pubmed reference: 37372588. DOI: 10.3390/foods12122375.
2021 Lake, J.A., Dekkers, J.C.M., Abasht, B. :
Genetic basis and identification of candidate genes for wooden breast and white striping in commercial broiler chickens. Sci Rep 11:6785, 2021. Pubmed reference: 33762630. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-86176-4.
2020 Bailey, R.A., Souza, E., Avendano, S. :
Characterising the Influence of Genetics on Breast Muscle Myopathies in Broiler Chickens. Front Physiol 11:1041, 2020. Pubmed reference: 32973559. DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2020.01041.
Lake, J.A., Abasht, B. :
Glucolipotoxicity: A Proposed Etiology for Wooden Breast and Related Myopathies in Commercial Broiler Chickens. Front Physiol 11:169, 2020. Pubmed reference: 32231585. DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2020.00169.
2019 Kuttappan, V.A., Shivaprasad, H.L., Shaw, D.P., Valentine, B.A., Hargis, B.M., Clark, F.D., McKee, S.R., Owens, C.M., Livingston, M.L., Landon, C.D., Barnes, H.J., Brake, J., Livingston, K.A. :
Dietary potassium and available phosphorous on broiler growth performance, carcass characteristics, and wooden breast. Poult Sci 98:2813-2822, 2019. Pubmed reference: 30690518. DOI: 10.3382/ps/pez015.
Lake, J.A., Papah, M.B., Abasht, B. :
Increased Expression of Lipid Metabolism Genes in Early Stages of Wooden Breast Links Myopathy of Broilers to Metabolic Syndrome in Humans. Genes (Basel) 10, 2019. Pubmed reference: 31557856. DOI: 10.3390/genes10100746.
Soglia, F., Mazzoni, M., Petracci, M. :
Spotlight on avian pathology: current growth-related breast meat abnormalities in broilers. Avian Pathol 48:1-3, 2019. Pubmed reference: 30246553. DOI: 10.1080/03079457.2018.1508821.
Zampiga, M., Soglia, F., Petracci, M., Meluzzi, A., Sirri, F. :
Effect of different arginine-to-lysine ratios in broiler chicken diets on the occurrence of breast myopathies and meat quality attributes. Poult Sci 98:2691-2697, 2019. Pubmed reference: 30715512. DOI: 10.3382/ps/pey608.
2018 Boerboom, G., van Kempen, T., Navarro-Villa, A., Pérez-Bonilla, A. :
Unraveling the cause of white striping in broilers using metabolomics. Poult Sci 97:3977-3986, 2018. Pubmed reference: 29931266. DOI: 10.3382/ps/pey266.
Griffin, J.R., Moraes, L., Wick, M., Lilburn, M.S. :
Onset of white striping and progression into wooden breast as defined by myopathic changes underlying Pectoralis major growth. Estimation of growth parameters as predictors for stage of myopathy progression. Avian Pathol 47:2-13, 2018. Pubmed reference: 28714747. DOI: 10.1080/03079457.2017.1356908.
Meloche, K.J., Fancher, B.I., Emmerson, D.A., Bilgili, S.F., Dozier, W.A. :
Effects of quantitative nutrient allocation on myopathies of the Pectoralis major muscles in broiler chickens at 32, 43, and 50 days of age. Poult Sci 97:1786-1793, 2018. Pubmed reference: 29509944. DOI: 10.3382/ps/pex453.
Meloche, K.J., Fancher, B.I., Emmerson, D.A., Bilgili, S.F., Dozier, W.A. :
Effects of reduced dietary energy and amino acid density on Pectoralis major myopathies in broiler chickens at 36 and 49 days of age1. Poult Sci 97:1794-1807, 2018. Pubmed reference: 29506046. DOI: 10.3382/ps/pex454.
Norring, M., Valros, A., Valaja, J., Sihvo, H.K., Immonen, K., Puolanne, E. :
Wooden breast myopathy links with poorer gait in broiler chickens. Animal :1-6, 2018. Pubmed reference: 30556797. DOI: 10.1017/S1751731118003270.
Pampouille, E., Berri, C., Boitard, S., Hennequet-Antier, C., Beauclercq, S.A., Godet, E., Praud, C., Jégo, Y., Le Bihan-Duval, E. :
Mapping QTL for white striping in relation to breast muscle yield and meat quality traits in broiler chickens. BMC Genomics 19:202, 2018. Pubmed reference: 29554873. DOI: 10.1186/s12864-018-4598-9.
2017 Papah, M.B., Brannick, E.M., Schmidt, C.J., Abasht, B. :
Evidence and role of phlebitis and lipid infiltration in the onset and pathogenesis of Wooden Breast Disease in modern broiler chickens. Avian Pathol 46:623-643, 2017. Pubmed reference: 28609139. DOI: 10.1080/03079457.2017.1339346.
2016 Alnahhas, N., Berri, C., Chabault, M., Chartrin, P., Boulay, M., Bourin, M.C., Le Bihan-Duval, E. :
Genetic parameters of white striping in relation to body weight, carcass composition, and meat quality traits in two broiler lines divergently selected for the ultimate pH of the pectoralis major muscle. BMC Genet 17:61, 2016. Pubmed reference: 27094623. DOI: 10.1186/s12863-016-0369-2.
2015 Bailey, R.A., Watson, K.A., Bilgili, S.F., Avendano, S. :
The genetic basis of pectoralis major myopathies in modern broiler chicken lines. Poult Sci 94:2870-9, 2015. Pubmed reference: 26476091. DOI: 10.3382/ps/pev304.
Mutryn, M.F., Brannick, E.M., Fu, W., Lee, W.R., Abasht, B. :
Characterization of a novel chicken muscle disorder through differential gene expression and pathway analysis using RNA-sequencing. BMC Genomics 16:399, 2015. Pubmed reference: 25994290. DOI: 10.1186/s12864-015-1623-0.
2014 Sihvo, H.K., Immonen, K., Puolanne, E. :
Myodegeneration with fibrosis and regeneration in the pectoralis major muscle of broilers. Vet Pathol 51:619-23, 2014. Pubmed reference: 23892375. DOI: 10.1177/0300985813497488.
1966 Asmundson, V.S., Kratzer, F.H., Julian, L.M. :
Inherited myopathy in the chicken Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 138:49-58, 1966. Pubmed reference: 5230214.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2005
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 09 Apr 2021
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 28 Feb 2023