OMIA:000991-9823 : Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) in Sus scrofa (pig)
Categories: Reproductive system phene
Links to MONDO diseases:
Mendelian trait/disorder: unknown
Considered a defect: yes
Cross-species summary: This is a type of XY difference of sexual development (XY DSD) due to variants in the AR gene. Previously known as Testicular Feminisation Syndrome. This is an abnormality of sexual development in which affected individuals have an XY chromosomal constitution, undescended testes and female secondary sexual characteristics (including female external genitalia). Also, instead of normally developed Mullerian duct derivatives (Fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, and upper protion of the vagina), they have under-developed Wolffian duct derivatives (epididymis, vas deferens, and seminal vesicle). In all species so far investigated, the inheritance is X-linked recessive. In several species, this disorder is known to be due to a deficiency of an androgen receptor encoded by a gene on the X chromosome. The presence of a Y chromosome induces the undifferentiated embryonic gonads to develop as testes, but, in the absence of androgen receptor, the androgens produced by the testes cannot exert any effect. The result is that the embryo follows the "default" path of development, which is female.
Have human generated variants been created, e.g. through genetic engineering and gene editing
Cite this entry
|Lojda, L. :
|The cytogenetic pattern in pigs with hereditary intersexuality similar to the syndrome of testicular feminization in man Documenta Veterinaria 8:71-82, 1975.
- Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2005