OMIA 000991-9615 : Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) in Canis lupus familiaris
In other species: domestic cat , cattle , horse , pig Possibly relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s)s (MIM numbers): 300068 (trait) , 313700 (gene) Mendelian trait/disorder: yes Mode of inheritance: X-linked Considered a defect: yes Key variant known: no Cross-species summary: Previously known as Testicular Feminisation Syndrome. Following the recommendations on nomenclature for disorders of sexual development (DSD) proposed by Lee et al. (Pediatrics 2006;118;e488; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2006-0738), this disorder is now classified as a type of XY DSD. This is an abnormality of sexual development in which affected individuals have an XY chromosomal constitution, undescended testes and female secondary sexual characteristics (including female external genitalia). Also, instead of normally developed Mullerian duct derivatives (Fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, and upper protion of the vagina), they have under-developed Wolffian duct derivatives (epididymis, vas deferens, and seminal vesicle). In all species so far investigated, the inheritance is X-linked recessive. In humans and mice, this disorder is known to be due to a deficiency of an androgen receptor encoded by a gene on the X chromosome. The presence of a Y chromosome induces the undifferentiated embryonic gonads to develop as testes, but, in the absence of androgen receptor, the androgens produced by the testes cannot exert any effect. The result is that the embryo follows the "default" path of development, which is female.
Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.
|2010||Nowacka-Woszuk, J., Switonski, M. :|
|Variability of CAG tandem repeats in exon 1 of the androgen receptor gene is not related with dog intersexuality. Anim Reprod Sci 117:308-13, 2010. Pubmed reference: 19482445. DOI: 10.1016/j.anireprosci.2009.05.001.|
|1993||Meyers-Wallen, V.N. :|
|Genetics of sexual differentiation and anomalies in dogs and cats. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility :441-452, 1993. Pubmed reference: 8229960.|
- Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2005
- Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 22 Aug 2021