OMIA 001594-9615 : Hyperekplexia (Startle disease) in Canis lupus familiaris
Murphy et al. (2019): "Family members were genotyped for the deletion, and findings were consistent with an autosomal recessive inheritance pattern."Molecular basis: Gill et al. (2011): "analysis of SLC6A5 revealed a homozygous 4.2 kb microdeletion encompassing exons 2 and 3 in both affected [Irish Wolfhound] animals.'
Murphy et al. (2019): "Whole genome resequencing of an affected [Spanish greyhound] dog revealed a homozygous two base pair deletion in the ninth exon of SLC6A5, encoding the presynaptic glycine transporter. The deletion is predicted to cause a frameshift, p.S460FfsX47, leading to a premature stop codon that truncates over a third of the protein."Prevalence: Murphy et al. (2019): "The [Spanish Greyhound] pathogenic variant was absent from 34 unrelated greyhounds, 659 domestic dogs of pure and mixed breeds, and 54 wild canids, suggesting it occurred recently and may be private to the family." Breeds: Irish Wolfhound, Spanish greyhound. Associated gene:
|Symbol||Description||Species||Chr||Location||OMIA gene details page||Other Links|
|SLC6A5||solute carrier family 6 (neurotransmitter transporter), member 5||Canis lupus familiaris||21||NC_051825.1 (43704400..43760475)||SLC6A5||Homologene, Ensembl, NCBI gene|
By default, variants are sorted chronologically by year of publication, to provide a historical perspective. Readers can re-sort on any column by clicking on the column header. Click it again to sort in a descending order. To create a multiple-field sort, hold down Shift while clicking on the second, third etc relevant column headers.
WARNING! Inclusion of a variant in this table does not automatically mean that it should be used for DNA testing. Anyone contemplating the use of any of these variants for DNA testing should examine critically the relevant evidence (especially in breeds other than the breed in which the variant was first described). If it is decided to proceed, the location and orientation of the variant sequence should be checked very carefully.
Since October 2021, OMIA includes a semiautomated lift-over pipeline to facilitate updates of genomic positions to a recent reference genome position. These changes to genomic positions are not always reflected in the ‘acknowledgements’ or ‘verbal description’ fields in this table.
|OMIA Variant ID||Breed(s)||Variant Phenotype||Gene||Allele||Type of Variant||Source of Genetic Variant||Reference Sequence||Chr.||g. or m.||c. or n.||p.||Verbal Description||EVA ID||Inferred EVA rsID||Year Published||PubMed ID(s)||Acknowledgements|
|638||Irish Wolfhound||Hyperekplexia (Startle disease)||SLC6A5||deletion, gross (>20)||Naturally occurring variant||CanFam3.1||21||g.42583699_42587925del||c.-52_562+504del||XM_005633757.1; "a homozygous 4.2kb [4227bp] microdeletion encompassing exons 2 and 3"||2011||21420493|
|1080||Spanish greyhound||Hyperekplexia (Startle disease)||SLC6A5||deletion, small (<=20)||Naturally occurring variant||CanFam3.1||21||g.42612546_42612547del||c.1379_1380delCT||p.(S460Ffs*47)||XM_022407940.1; XP_022263648.1||2019||30847549||Genomic coordinates in CanFam3.1 provided by Robert Kuhn.|
Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.
|2021||Cerda-Gonzalez, S., Packer, R.A., Garosi, L., Lowrie, M., Mandigers, P.J.J., O'Brien, D.P., Volk, H.A. :|
|International veterinary canine dyskinesia task force ECVN consensus statement: Terminology and classification. J Vet Intern Med 35:1218-1230, 2021. Pubmed reference: 33769611. DOI: 10.1111/jvim.16108.|
|2019||Murphy, S.C., Recio, A., de la Fuente, C., Guo, L.T., Shelton, G.D., Clark, L.A. :|
|A glycine transporter SLC6A5 frameshift mutation causes startle disease in Spanish greyhounds. Hum Genet 138:509-513, 2019. Pubmed reference: 30847549. DOI: 10.1007/s00439-019-01986-x.|
|2011||Gill, JL., Capper, D., Vanbellinghen, JF., Chung, SK., Higgins, RJ., Rees, MI., Shelton, GD., Harvey, RJ. :|
|Startle disease in Irish wolfhounds associated with a microdeletion in the glycine transporter GlyT2 gene. Neurobiol Dis 43:184-9, 2011. Pubmed reference: 21420493. DOI: 10.1016/j.nbd.2011.03.010.|
|1984||Fox, J.G., Averill, D.R., Hallett, M., Schunk, K. :|
|Familial reflex myoclonus in Labrador Retrievers. Am J Vet Res 45:2367-70, 1984. Pubmed reference: 6524730.|
- Created by Frank Nicholas on 01 Aug 2011
- Changed by Frank Nicholas on 10 Sep 2011
- Changed by Frank Nicholas on 12 Dec 2011
- Changed by Frank Nicholas on 22 May 2019
- Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 02 Nov 2021