OMIA:002584-9615 : Deafness, CDH23-related in Canis lupus familiaris (dog)

Categories: Hearing / vestibular / ear phene

Links to possible relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s) in OMIM: 605516 (gene) , 601386 (trait) , 601067 (trait)

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Mode of inheritance: Autosomal recessive

Considered a defect: yes

Key variant known: yes

Year key variant first reported: 2022

History: Abitbol et al. (2022) "identified a non-syndromic deafness in Beauceron dogs characterised by a bilateral hearing loss in puppies that is not linked to coat colour."

Inheritance: Abitbol et al. (2022): "Pedigree analysis suggested an autosomal recessive transmission. "

Molecular basis: "By combining homozygosity mapping with whole genome sequencing and variant filtering in affected dogs ... [Abitbol et al. (2022)] identified a CDH23:c.700C>T variant. The variant, located in the CHD23 (cadherin related 23) gene, was predicted to induce a CDH23:p.(Pro234Ser) change in the protein. Proline-234 of CDH23 protein is highly conserved across different vertebrate species. In silico tools predicted the CDH23:p.(Pro234Ser) change to be deleterious. CDH23 encodes a calcium-dependent transmembrane glycoprotein localised near the tips of hair-cell stereocilia in the mammalian inner ear. Intact function of these cilia is mandatory for the transformation of the acoustical wave into a neurological signal, leading to sensorineural deafness when impaired."

Clinical features: Affected puppies exhibit bilateral sensineural deafness from birth, which can be assessed by either behavioral tests or brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) examinations. No other signs were noted by the owners or attending veterinarians (Abitbol et al. 2022).

Prevalence: Abitbol et al. (2022): "By genotyping a cohort of 90 control Beauceron dogs sampled in France, we found a 3.3% carrier frequency. "

Genetic testing: Abitbol et al. (2022): "The CDH23:c.[700C>T] allele is easily detectable with a genetic test to avoid at-risk matings."

Breed: Beauceron (Dog) (VBO_0200136).
Breeds in which the phene has been documented. (If a likely causal variant has been documented for the phene, see the variant table breeds in which the variant has been reported).

Associated gene:

Symbol Description Species Chr Location OMIA gene details page Other Links
CDH23 cadherin-related 23 Canis lupus familiaris 4 NC_051808.1 (22485192..22847328) CDH23 Homologene, Ensembl , NCBI gene


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WARNING! Inclusion of a variant in this table does not automatically mean that it should be used for DNA testing. Anyone contemplating the use of any of these variants for DNA testing should examine critically the relevant evidence (especially in breeds other than the breed in which the variant was first described). If it is decided to proceed, the location and orientation of the variant sequence should be checked very carefully.

Since October 2021, OMIA includes a semiautomated lift-over pipeline to facilitate updates of genomic positions to a recent reference genome position. These changes to genomic positions are not always reflected in the ‘acknowledgements’ or ‘verbal description’ fields in this table.

OMIA Variant ID Breed(s) Variant Phenotype Gene Allele Type of Variant Source of Genetic Variant Reference Sequence Chr. g. or m. c. or n. p. Verbal Description EVA ID Year Published PubMed ID(s) Acknowledgements
1496 Beauceron (Dog) Deafness, CDH23-related CDH23 missense Naturally occurring variant CanFam3.1 4 g:22340631C>T c.700C>T p.(P234S) ON462053; XM_022417544.1; XP_022273252.1 2022 36308003 The UU_Cfam_GSD_1.0 genomic variant coordinate is: g.Chr4:23074925C>T

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2022). OMIA:002584-9615: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


2022 Abitbol, M., Jagannathan, V., Lopez, M., Courtin, A., Dufaure de Citres, C., Gache, V., Leeb, T. :
A CDH23 missense variant in Beauceron dogs with non-syndromic deafness. Anim Genet , 2022. Pubmed reference: 36308003. DOI: 10.1111/age.13273.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 31 Oct 2022
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 31 Oct 2022
  • Changed by Tosso Leeb on 31 Oct 2022
  • Changed by Tosso Leeb on 02 Nov 2022