OMIA:000200-9894 : Coat colour, generic in Giraffa camelopardalis (Northern giraffe)
In other species: Japanese medaka , axolotl , marsupials , brush-tailed possums , European mole , stump-tailed macaque , gray wolf , coyote , dog , red fox , domestic cat , Sumatran tiger , mongooses , whales , ass (donkey) , onager , horse , pig , Arabian camel , guanaco , vicugna , llama , taurine cattle , indicine cattle (zebu) , goat , mouflon , sheep , hares , rabbit , Alpine marmot , pocket gophers , golden hamster , Mongolian gerbil , meadow voles , muskrat , black rat , European woodmouse , domestic guinea pig , nutria , gray short-tailed opossum , tench , domestic yak , gray squirrel , western mosquitofish , long-tailed chinchilla , European shrew , red wolf , Asiatic golden cat , Mountain hare , golden jackal , tawny dragon , quagga , water buffalo , panther genet , Kinda baboon , Gray snub-nosed monkey , Northern mole vole , American mink , hybrid yellow catfish
Categories: Pigmentation phene
Links to MONDO diseases: No links.
Mendelian trait/disorder: unknown
Considered a defect: unknown
Species-specific description: Muller et al. 2016 reported a giraffe with vitiligo (see OMIA:001055-9894 : Vitiligo in Giraffa camelopardalis) and includes references to several reports of albino or leucistic giraffes.
Lee et al. (2018): "demonstrated that some characteristics of giraffe coat spot shape were likely to be heritable ... [and] found significant variation in neonatal survival associated with spot size and shape covariates."
A spot-free (solid coloured, unpatterned) giraffe was born in 2023 in a zoo in the USA (https://www.nature.com/immersive/d41586-023-02700-8/index.html). A previous case was reported in a zoo in Japan in 1972 (Dagg, 2014).
Have human generated variants been created, e.g. through genetic engineering and gene editing
Cite this entry
Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.
|2018||Lee, D.E., Cavener, D.R., Bond, M.L. :|
|Seeing spots: quantifying mother-offspring similarity and assessing fitness consequences of coat pattern traits in a wild population of giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis). PeerJ 6:e5690, 2018. Pubmed reference: 30310743. DOI: 10.7717/peerj.5690.|
|2014||Dagg, A.I. :|
|Giraffe: Biology. Cambridge, Behaviour and Conservation (Cambridge University Press) , 2014.|
|1976||Dimond, R.L., Montagna, W. :|
|The skin of the giraffe. Anat Rec 185:63-75, 1976. Pubmed reference: 1267197. DOI: 10.1002/ar.1091850106.|
|1968||Dagg, A.I. :|
|External features of giraffe. Mammalia 32(4):657-669, 1968. DOI: 10.1515/mamm.19188.8.131.527.|
- Created by Imke Tammen2 on 07 Sep 2023
- Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 07 Sep 2023