OMIA:000344-9913 : Epilepsy in Bos taurus (taurine cattle)

In other species: chicken , white-tufted-ear marmoset , dog , domestic cat , horse , pig , rabbit , golden hamster , Mongolian gerbil , prairie vole

Categories: Behaviour / neurological phene

Links to possible relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s) in OMIM: 104130 (trait) , 117100 (trait) , 121200 (trait) , 121201 (trait) , 125370 (trait) , 132090 (trait) , 132100 (trait) , 132300 (trait) , 159600 (trait) , 182610 (trait) , 203600 (trait) , 208700 (trait) , 220300 (trait) , 226750 (trait) , 226800 (trait) , 226810 (trait) , 226850 (trait) , 254770 (trait) , 254780 (trait) , 254800 (trait) , 266270 (trait) , 267740 (trait) , 270805 (trait) , 301900 (trait) , 310370 (trait) , 545000 (trait) , 600131 (trait) , 600143 (trait) , 600512 (trait) , 600513 (trait) , 600669 (trait) , 601068 (trait) , 245570 (trait)

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Considered a defect: yes

Key variant known: yes

Key variant is published: no

Species-specific name: including information about 'Idiopathic Epilepsy, IE'

Molecular basis: Jacinto et al. (2023) investigated a 6-month Holstein heifer with epilepsy: "Whole genome sequencing of the affected heifer identified a private heterozygous splice-site variant in DYRK1B (NM_001081515.1: c.-101-1G>A)... ." The authors "speculate that the identified variant in DYRK1B arose from a de novo mutation ...[and] may be the cause of the observed disease, although [DYRK1B] has not previously been associated with epilepsy in mammals, including humans. ... Further functional studies into DYRK1B's role in epilepsies are needed."

Clinical features: Age of onset in affected Hereford animals (occurrence of the first seizure) can be variable, ranging from birth to several months of age. Occurrence and persistence of seizures may be influenced by environmental stressors such as temperature extremes (e.g., extreme cold during calving) or increased physical activity (e.g., processing at vaccination or weaning). Upon initial onset of seizures calves may appear to walk with a stiffened, irregular gait. During seizure episodes individuals will typically lie on their side with all limbs extended in a rigid state. Manual flexing of the limbs is possible, but return to the extended position occurs after release. Seizure episodes may last from several minutes to more than an hour. No anatomic abnormalities or histologic lesions detected. (text kindly provided by Dr J. Beever 4 Feb 2008)) Jacinto et al. (2023) report a single 6 month old Holstein heifer with "epilepsy with focal seizures progressing to generalized seizures ... . The animal was hospitalised for 18 months, during which the seizure frequency was inconstant, ranging from one to four seizures per week and not more than one seizure per day."

Pathology: The Holstein heifer investigated by Jacinto et al. (2023) had brain histopathology "consistent with axonal degeneration and astrocytic gliosis, and the ectopic position of Purkinje cells in the internal granule cell layer."

Genetic testing: A DNA test for an autosomal recessive form of epilepsy in Hereford cattle (idiopathic Epilepsy, shaker calf (Rousseaux et al., 1985 ) has been developed by Dr Jon Beever, Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, but inforamtion about the causal gene or variant have not been published.

Breeds: Hereford (Cattle) (VBO_0000232), Holstein Friesian (Cattle) (VBO_0000239).
Breeds in which the phene has been documented. (If a likely causal variant has been documented for the phene, see the variant table breeds in which the variant has been reported).

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2023). OMIA:000344-9913: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

2023 Jacinto, J.G.P., Bolcato, M., Häfliger, I.M., Oevermann, A., Gentile, A., Drögemüller, C. :
DYRK1B haploinsufficiency in a Holstein cattle with epilepsy. Anim Genet , 2023. Pubmed reference: 37580898. DOI: 10.1111/age.13348.
2002 Braun, U., Schweizer, G., Hilbe, M. :
Epileptiform convulsions in a cow with degeneration of the hippocampus Veterinary Record 150:281-282, 2002. Pubmed reference: 11918051.
1987 Strain, GM., Olcott, BM., Turk, MA. :
Diagnosis of primary generalized epilepsy in a cow. J Am Vet Med Assoc 191:833-6, 1987. Pubmed reference: 3679974.
1985 Rousseaux, C.G., Klavano, G.G., Johnson, E.S., Shnitka, T.K., Harries, W.N., Snyder, F.F. :
"Shaker" calf syndrome: a newly recognized inherited neurodegenerative disorder of horned Hereford calves. Vet Pathol 22:104-11, 1985. Pubmed reference: 4039087. DOI: 10.1177/030098588502200202.
1944 Atkeson, F.W., Ibsen, H.L., Eldridge, F. :
Inheritance of an epileptic type character in Brown Swiss cattle. Journal of Heredity 35:45-48, 1944. DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.jhered.a105350.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 30 Mar 2011
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 14 Sep 2011
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 15 Aug 2012
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 21 Aug 2019
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 18 Aug 2023