OMIA 000748-9615 : Osteochondritis dissecans in Canis lupus familiaris

In other species: horse , snow leopard

Mendelian trait/disorder: unknown

Considered a defect: yes

Cross-species summary: A joint disorder caused by blood deprivation in the subchondral bone causing the subchondral bone to die in a process called avascular necrosis. The bone is then reabsorbed by the body, leaving the articular cartilage it supported prone to damage. The result is fragmentation (dissection) of both cartilage and bone, and the free movement of these osteochondral fragments within the joint space, causing pain and further damage [HPO:0010886], also called osteochondrosis dissecans


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.
2012 Biezyński, J., Skrzypczak, P., Piatek, A., Kościółek, N., Drozdzyńska, M. :
Assessment of treatment of Osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD) of shoulder joint in dogs--the results of two years of experience. Pol J Vet Sci 15:285-90, 2012. Pubmed reference: 22844706.
van der Peijl, G.J., Schaeffer, I.G., Theyse, L.F., Dijkshoorn, N.A., Schwencke, M., Hazewinkel, H.A. :
Osteochondrosis dissecans of the tarsus in Labrador Retrievers: clinical signs, radiological data and force plate gait evaluation after surgical treatment. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 25:126-34, 2012. Pubmed reference: 22366924. DOI: 10.3415/VCOT-11-03-0046.
2011 Fitzpatrick, N., Yeadon, R., van Terheijden, C., Smith, T.J. :
Osteochondral autograft transfer for the treatment of osteochondritis dissecans of the medial femoral condyle in dogs. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 25:, 2011. Pubmed reference: 22105206. DOI: 10.3415/VCOT-10-09-0134.
2000 Horst, C., Brunnberg, L. :
Osteochondrosis dissecans in the dog - Therapeutic results of a retrospective study (1993-1998) considering the age of the patient, the duration of lameness and the pre- and postoperative clinical and radiographically findings [German] Kleintierpraxis 45:573-+, 2000.
Sams, A.E. :
Canine elbow joint arthroscopy: Introduction and description of technique Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian 22:135-+, 2000.
1999 Charlton, A., Jann, H., Henry, G. :
What is your diagnosis? Radiographic diagnosis - Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 215:191-192, 1999. Pubmed reference: 10416469.
Morgan, J.P., Wind, A., Davidson, A.P. :
Bone dysplasias in the Labrador retriever: A radiographic study Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 35:332-340, 1999. Pubmed reference: 10416779.
1997 Bertrand, S.G., Lewis, D.D., Madison, J.B., Dehaan, J.H., Stubbs, W.P., Stallings, J.T. :
Arthroscopic examination and treatment of osteochondritis dissecans of the femoral condyle of six dogs Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 33:451-455, 1997. Pubmed reference: 9278122.
1996 Weiss, S., Loeffler, K. :
A histological examination about cartilage channels in the epiphyseal cartilage of young dogs and their relationship to the localisations, that are generally affected by osteochondrosis dissecans [German] Deutsche Tierarztliche Wochenschrift 103:164-169, 1996. Pubmed reference: 8964237.
1995 Beaver, D.P., Hooper, C., Nicoll, R.G., Johnson, K.A. :
Mineralized osteochondritis dissecans cartilage flap mimicking supraspinatus tendon mineralization Veterinary & Comparative Orthopaedics & Traumatology 8:200-202, 1995.
Bouck, G.R., Miller, C.W., Taves, C.L. :
A comparison of surgical and medical treatment of fragmented coronoid process and osteochondritis dissecans of the canine elbow Veterinary & Comparative Orthopaedics & Traumatology 8:177-183, 1995.
Padgett, G.A., Mostosky, U.V., Probst, C.W., Thomas, M.W., Krecke, C.F. :
The inheritance of osteochondritis dissecans and fragmented coronoid process of the elbow joint in Labrador retrievers Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 31:327-330, 1995. Pubmed reference: 7552666.
1994 Montgomery, R.D., Hathcock, J.T., Milton, J.L., Fitch, R.B. :
Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Canine Tarsal Joint Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian 16:835, 1994.
1993 Meutstege, F.J., Hazewinkel, H.A.W. :
Therapeutic Approaches to Osteochondritis Dissecans and Fragmented Coronoid Process Tijdschrift Voor Diergeneeskunde 118:551-553, 1993. Pubmed reference: 8378920.
1991 Renton, C.P. :
Osteochondritis Dissecans in Labradors Veterinary Record 128:192, 1991. Pubmed reference: 2031301.

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  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2005