OMIA:000810-9913 : Polydactyly in Bos taurus (taurine cattle)

In other species: rock pigeon , chicken , turkey , dog , domestic cat , horse , pig , Arabian camel , guanaco , llama , Western roe deer , goat , sheep , domestic guinea pig , alpaca , springbok

Categories: Limbs / fins / digit / tail phene

Possibly relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s)s (MIM numbers): 174500 (trait) , 605522 (gene) , 188740 (trait)

Links to MONDO diseases: No links.

Mendelian trait/disorder: no

Mode of inheritance: Multifactorial

Considered a defect: yes

Key variant known: no

Cross-species summary: Often called preaxial polydactyly (PPD)

Inheritance: As summarised by Johnson et al. (1981), there was no consensus on the mode of inheritance of polydactyly in cattle in previously published reports. In an attempt to clarify the situation, these authors conducted a series of breeding trials in Simmental cattle. Their data excluded all models of single-locus inheritance, leaving multifactorial inheritance as the only remaining possibility. (With thanks to Dave Steffen)

Genetic engineering: Unknown
Have human generated variants been created, e.g. through genetic engineering and gene editing

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2012). OMIA:000810-9913: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

2003 Bähr, C., Wittenberg, K., Distl, O. :
[Case report--polydactyly in a German holstein calf]. Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr 110:333-5, 2003. Pubmed reference: 14535065.
2001 Murondoti, A., Busayi, R.M. :
Perineomelia, polydactyly and other malformations in a Mashona calf. Vet Rec 148:512-3, 2001. Pubmed reference: 11345996.
2000 Vermunt, J.J., Burbidge, H.M., Thompson, K.G. :
Unusual congenital deformities of the lower limb in two calves. N Z Vet J 48:192-4, 2000. Pubmed reference: 16032152. DOI: 10.1080/00480169.2000.36192.
1987 Mather, D.B. :
Polydactyly in calves. Vet Rec 120:487, 1987. Pubmed reference: 3604004.
1981 Johnson, J.L., Leipold, H.W., Schalles, R.R., Guffy, M.M., Peeples, J.G., Castleberry, R.S., Schneider, H.J. :
Hereditary polydactyly in Simmental cattle Journal of Heredity 72:205-208, 1981. Pubmed reference: 7276527.
1972 Leipold, H.W., Dennis, S.M., Huston, K. :
Polydactyly in cattle. Cornell Vet 62:337-45, 1972. Pubmed reference: 5023998.
1968 Borhoven, C. :
[Syn-polydactyly in cattle] Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 110:532-5, 1968. Pubmed reference: 4307570.
1967 Marolt, J., Ilijas, B. :
[Contribution to polydactyly in cattle]. Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr 74:197-8, 1967. Pubmed reference: 5627894.
1963 Dahlquist, S., Henricson, B., Hultnas, C.A. :
[Polydactyly, a dominant defect mutation in the Swedish red and white breed] Beretning Ninth Nordisk Veterinaermedicin [Proceedings of the Ninth Nordic Veterinary Congress, Copenhagen] 1:118-120, 1963.
1962 [No authors listed] :
Nouveau cas de polydactylie hereditaire chez les bovins. Annales de Zootechnie 2:151-156, 1962.
Lauvergne, J.J. :
Hereditary polydactylism in Normandy cattle Annales de Zootechnie 11:151-156, 1962.
1945 Morrill, E.L. :
A new sex-linked defect in cattle Journal of Heredity 36:81-82, 1945.
1921 Roberts, E. :
Polydactylism in cattle Journal of Heredity 12:84-86, 1921.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 16 Oct 2010
  • Changed by Frank Nicholas on 02 May 2012