OMIA:001142-9913 : Wilms tumour in Bos taurus (taurine cattle)
Links to MONDO diseases: No links.
Mendelian trait/disorder: unknown
Considered a defect: yes
Cross-species summary: A rapidly developing malignant mixed tumour of the kidneys. The Wilms' tumour gene in human and mouse was cloned in the early 1990s. Since its peptide is involved in the development of the urinary-genital tract and the gonads, the gene is of considerable interest in relation to the genetic basis of sexual development. As described in the species summaries, the gene has been amplified by PCR in sheep, cattle and pig, and has been mapped in cattle and sheep. Future studies of this gene should shed interesting light on sexual development, and hence on the occurrence of abnormalities of sexual development in domestic animal species.
Species-specific description: In 1995, Vaiman et al. designed conserved primers from mouse and human sequence data, and successfully amplified a 150-bp fragment of the homologous gene in cattle, sheep and pig, which includes a dinucleotide (TG) microsatellite. Exploiting the polymorphism of the microsatellite, they were able to map the Wilms tumour gene to cattle chromosoem 15, between FSHB and NCAM, and possible near HBB.
Have human generated variants been created, e.g. through genetic engineering and gene editing
Cite this entry
|1995||Vaiman, D., Pailhoux, E., Payen, E., Saidimehtar, N., Cotinot, C. :|
|Evolutionary conservation of a microsatellite in the Wilms Tumour (WT) gene: Mapping in sheep and cattle Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics 70:112-115, 1995. Pubmed reference: 7736774.|
- Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2005