OMIA:000299-9913 : Dwarfism, generic in Bos taurus (taurine cattle)

In other species: white-tufted-ear marmoset , dog , domestic cat , Asiatic elephant , horse , pig , red deer , Northern giraffe , indicine cattle (zebu) , goat , sheep , rabbit , callipterus cichlid , Angolan giraffe

Categories: Skeleton phene (incl. short stature & teeth)

Mendelian trait/disorder: unknown

Considered a defect: yes

Species-specific description: See also other entries for dwarfism in cattle, e.g. OMIA:002596-9913 Dwarfism, ANKRD28-related; OMIA:001985-9913 Dwarfism, Fleckvieh; OMIA:001473-9913 Dwarfism, growth-hormone deficiency; OMIA:000308-9913 Dwarfism, proportionate; OMIA:001271-9913 Dwarfism, ACAN-related; OMIA:001686-9913 Dwarfism, proportionate, with inflammatory lesions; OMIA:001294-9913 Dwarfism, growth-hormone-receptor deficiency; OMIA:001485-9913 Dwarfism, PRKG2-related; OMIA:001659-9913 Dwarfism, dominant; OMIA:000311-9913 Dwarfism, stumpy; OMIA:000310-9913 Dwarfism, snorter; OMIA:001323-9913 Dwarfism, GHR-related (Laron); OMIA:000570-9913 Joint laxity and dwarfism, congenital.

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2024). OMIA:000299-9913: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


Note: the references are listed in reverse chronological order (from the most recent year to the earliest year), and alphabetically by first author within a year.

2024 Mee, J.F., Murphy, D., Curran, M. :
Bovine congenital defects recorded by veterinary practitioners. Reprod Domest Anim 59:e14501, 2024. Pubmed reference: 37975255. DOI: 10.1111/rda.14501.
1996 Deinhofer, M., Majemnik, C. :
Insulin-like-growth-factor-i and insulin-like-growth-factor binding-protein-3 in a bull with growth retardation [German] Deutsche Tierarztliche Wochenschrift 103:130-131, 1996. Pubmed reference: 8925774.
1995 Harper, P.A.W., Latter, M.R., Wilkins, J.F. :
Hydrops foetalis in dwarf calves associated with twinning Australian Veterinary Journal 72:236-238, 1995. Pubmed reference: 8526821.
Mee, J.F. :
Nonhereditary Disproportionate Dwarfism in a Beef Herd: Clinical and Pathological Features Irish Veterinary Journal 48:93-105, 1995.
1994 Peet, R.L., Creeper, J. :
Congenital Joint Laxity and Dwarfism in Calves Australian Veterinary Journal 71:58, 1994. Pubmed reference: 8166618.
1993 Eisen, E.J., Fortman, M., Chen, W.Y., Kopchick, J.J. :
Effect of Genetic Background on Growth of Mice Hemizygous for Wild-Type or Dwarf Mutated Bovine Growth Hormone Transgenes Theoretical and Applied Genetics 87:161-169, 1993.
1992 Glendenning, S.J. :
Dwarf Calves Veterinary Record 130:147, 1992. Pubmed reference: 1557889.
Hidiroglou, M., Ivan, M., Proulx, J.G., Davicco, M.J., Coxam, V., Barlet, J.P. :
Plasma 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin-D, Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1, Calcium, Magnesium and Phosphorus Concentrations in Pregnant Beef Cows and Calves from a Herd with a Known History of Congenital Joint Laxity and Dwarfism Research in Veterinary Science 53:32-37, 1992. Pubmed reference: 1410815.
Mee, J.F., Langley, O.H., Donnelly, W.J. :
Dwarf Calves Veterinary Record 130:84, 1992. Pubmed reference: 1553814.
Proulx, J.G., Ribble, C.S. :
Congenital Joint Laxity and Dwarfism in a Beef Research Herd Canadian Veterinary Journal - Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 33:129-130, 1992.
1991 Muir, R. :
Dwarf Calves Veterinary Record 129:495, 1991.
1990 Distl, O., Schams, D., Graf, F., Meyer, J., Krausslich, H. :
Investigations of Calves Affected by Proportionate Dwarfism Tierarztliche Umschau 45:727, 1990.
Hidiroglou, M., Ivan, M., Bryan, M.K., Ribble, C.S., Janzen, E.D., Proulx, J.G., Elliot, J.I. :
Assessment of the Role of Manganese in Congenital Joint Laxity and Dwarfism in Calves Annales de Recherches Veterinaires 21:281-284, 1990. Pubmed reference: 2288454.
1975 Weaver, A.D. :
Dwarfism in cattle Veterinary Annual 15:7-9, 1975.
1969 Bruere, A.N. :
Dwarfism in beef cattle: diagnosis and control New Zealand Veterinary Journal 17:205-209, 1969. Pubmed reference: 5265078. DOI: 10.1080/00480169.1969.33830.
1967 Gottwald, W. :
Dwarfism among the progeny of a Spotted Mountain bull Zuchthygiene 2:63-67, 1967.
Hanset, R. :
An achondroplastic syndrome in the central and Upper Belgian and East Flemish Red Pied breeds of cattle Annales de Medecine Veterinaire 111:493-505, 1967.
Lauvergne, J.J. :
[The hereditary anomaly 'Bulldog' in the French Friesian breed] Mens Society of Veterinary Practice Fr. Bulletin 51:179-185, 1967.
1964 Marle, J. van, Lombard, P.E. :
The occurrence of dwarfism among Afrikaner cattle South African Journal of Agricultural Science 7:573-575, 1964.
1963 Gregory, P.W., Guilbert, H.R., Shelby, C.E., Clark, R.T. :
Growth of Hereford cows selected and rejected for breeding Growth 27:205-223, 1963. Pubmed reference: 14062570.
Marlowe, T.J. :
Variations among homozygous dwarf, heterozygous normal beef cattle Virginia Journal of Science 14:179-171, 1963.
1962 Brown, H.E., Kunkel, H.O., Prescott, J.M. :
Fasting amino acid patterns in plasma of normal and dwarf beef cattle Journal of Animal Science 21:970, 1962.
Nordlund, S. :
Lethal defects and their combating in Swedish Friesian cattle Proceedings of the Fourth International Congress on Animal Reproduction, The Hague 4:765-767, 1962.
1961 Gregory, P.W., Tyler, E.S., Julian, L.M. :
Bovine achondroplasia. IV. Articulation of lumber vertebrae in brachycephalic dwarfs Growth 25:265-279, 1961. Pubmed reference: 13901654.
1960 Bovard, K.P. :
Hereditary dwarfism in beef cattle Animal Breeding Abstracts 28:223-237, 1960.
Foley, C.W., Comfort, J.E., Lasley, J.F. :
Blood sugar level in normal and dwarf beef cattle before and after insulin injections Missouri Agricultural Experiment Station Research Bulletin :31, 1960.
Foley, C.W. :
Variations in the physiological response to stress in dwarf and normal beef animals Dissertation Abstracts 20:3808 only, 1960.
Hafez, E.S.E., Rupnow, E.H. :
Proportionality of organ development in osteodystrophic dwarf beef cattle Journal of Agricultural Science 55:351-358, 1960.
Marlowe, T.J. :
A comparison of the growth hormone content of the pituitary glands from dwarf and normal beef calves Journal of Animal Science 19:810-819, 1960.
1959 Tyler, W.S., Julian, L.M., McFarland, L.S., Evans, H.E., Gregory, P.W. :
Two projections into the cranial cavity associated with achondroplastic dwarfism in cattle American Journal of Veterinary Research 20:702-707, 1959.
Witt, M., Schilling, E., Huth, F.W. :
Dwarfism in Black Pied cattle Zeitschrift fur Tierzuchtung und Zuchtungsbiologie 73:201-217, 1959.
1958 Tyler, W.S., Julian, L.McK., Gregory, P.W. :
The nature of the process responsible for the short headed Hereford dwarf as revealed by gross examination of the appendicular skeleton American Journal of Anatomy 101:477-496, 1958.
1957 Crenshaw, W.W., Pipes, G.W., Ruppert, H.L., Turner, C.W. :
Indications of normal pituitary and thyroid function in dwarf beef animals Montana State College Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin :24, 1957.
Gregory, P.W., Julian, L.M., Tyler, W.S. :
The validity of dwarf carrier cows as testers for the major dwarf conditioning gene Journal of Animal Science 16:1028, 1957.
Julian, L.M., Tyler, W.S., Hage, T.J., Gregory, P.W. :
Premature closure of the spheno-occipital synchondrosis in the horned Hereford dwarf of the 'short headed' variety American Journal of Anatomy 100:269-288, 1957. Pubmed reference: 13435230. DOI: 10.1002/aja.1001000206.
Koger, M. :
Midgetism in the American Braham Internatuional Braham Review 3:6 only, 1957.
Tyler, W.S., Julian, L.M., Gregory, P.W. :
The nature of the process responsible for the short-headed Hereford dwarf as revealed by gross examination of the appendicular skeleton American Journal of Anatomy 101:477-496, 1957. Pubmed reference: 13520598. DOI: 10.1002/aja.1001010307.
1956 Cornelius, C.E., Tyler, W.S., Gregory, P.W. :
Chemical and hematological studies on blood of bovine dwarfs Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 92:522-524, 1956. Pubmed reference: 13359453.
Tyler, W.S., Julian, L.M., Gregory, P.W. :
Identification of the process responsible for the short headed Hereford dwarf based on anatomical studies Journal of Animal Science 15:1207-1208, 1956.
1955 Gotink, W.M., de Groot, T., Stegenga, T. :
Hereditary defects of cattle in the Netherlands Tijdschrift voor Diergeneeskunde 80 supplement:1-45, 1955.
Koger, M., Dollahon, J.C., Warnick, A.G., Kirk, W.G., Hentges, J.F., Palmer, A.Z. :
Forms of dwarfism in English and Brahman breeds of beef cattle Journal of Animal Science 14:1186-1187, 1955.
Roubicek, C.B., Clark, R.T., Pahnish, O.F. :
Dwarfism in beef cattle. A literature review Denver Colorado : Office of the Coardinator, Beef Cattle Breeding Research :80, 1955.
1954 Chambers, D., Marlowe, T.J., Whatley, J.A. :
A review of studies on dwarfism in beef cattle Oklahoma State University Agricultural Experiment Station Miscellaneous Publications No MP-34:29-39, 1954.
Chambers, D., Whatley, J.A., Stephens, D.F. :
The inheritance of dwarfism in a comprest Hereford herd Journal of Animal Science 13:956-957, 1954.
Marlowe, T.J., Chambers, D. :
Some endocrine aspects of dwarfism in beef cattle Journal of Animal Science 13:961 only, 1954.
Stonaker, H.H. :
Dwarfism in beef cattle Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Western Section of the American Society of Animal Production (Oregon State College, Corvallis, Oregon) 5:239-242, 1954.
1953 Jeffreys, M.D.W. :
Bos brachyceros or dwarf cattle Veterinary Record 65:393-396, 410-415, 1953.
1952 Lush, J.L., Hazel, L.M. :
Inheritance of dwarfism American Hereford Journal 42:32 only, 1952.
1951 Carroll, F.D., Gregory, P.W., Rollins, W.C. :
Thyrotrophic-hormone deficiency in homozygous dwarf beef cattle Journal of Animal Science 10:916-921, 1951.
1948 Berger, J., Innes, J.R.M. :
'Bulldog' calves (chondrodystrophy, achondroplasia) in a Friesian herd Veterinary Record 60:57-58, 1948.
1941 Brandt, G.W. :
Achondroplasia in calves Journal of Heredity 32:183-186, 1941.
1939 Annett, H.E. :
A note on a new recessive lethal in cattle Journal of Genetics 37:301-302, 1939.
1937 Kuppuswami, P.S. :
Some observations on the incidence and inheritance of imperforate anus in Ganjam calves Indian Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry 7:305-308, 1937.
1933 Carmichael, J. :
'Bull-dog' in African cattle Nature 131:878 only, 1933.
Gregory, P.W. :
The nature of size factors in domestic breeds of cattle Genetics 18:221-249, 1933.
1926 Mohr, O.L. :
Uber Letalfaktoren, mit Berucksichtigung ihres Verhaltens bei Haustieren und beim Menschen [On lethal factors, with respect to their behaviour in domestic animals and humans] Zeitschrift fur induktive Abstammungs und Vererbungslehre 41:59-109, 1926.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 06 Sep 2005
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 16 Nov 2022
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 09 Feb 2024