OMIA:000202-10036 : Coat colour, oculocutaneous albinism type I (OCA1), TYR-related in Mesocricetus auratus (golden hamster)

In other species: Japanese medaka , dark-spotted frog , Japanese wrinkled frog , Tufted capuchin , Rhesus monkey , hamadryas baboon , dog , red fox , domestic ferret , domestic cat , lion , humpback whale , ass (donkey) , pig , red deer , American bison , taurine cattle , rabbit , Mongolian gerbil , domestic guinea pig , Japanese ratsnake , water buffalo , four-striped grass mouse , ocelot gecko , American mink , Japanese raccoon dog , Rice frog

Categories: Pigmentation phene

Possibly relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s)s (MIM numbers): 203100 (trait) , 606952 (trait) , 606933 (gene)

Links to MONDO diseases: No links.

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Considered a defect: unknown

Key variant known: no

Cross-species summary: Congenital lack of pigment in most parts of the body. Due to a non-functional form of the enzyme tyrosinase. Also known as Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA), Acromelanism and as the Himalayan coat-colour pattern

Genetic engineering: Unknown
Have human generated variants been created, e.g. through genetic engineering and gene editing

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2023). OMIA:000202-10036: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


2023 Sakamoto, A., Hirobe, T. :
Isolation of a new line of Syrian hamster having a novel p.Leu262Pro mutation of tyrosinase with progressive pigmentation in its eyes and ears. J Dermatol Sci , 2023. Pubmed reference: 37147248. DOI: 10.1016/j.jdermsci.2023.04.005.

Edit History

  • Created by Imke Tammen2 on 07 May 2023