OMIA:000202-9515 : Coat colour, oculocutaneous albinism type I (OCA1), TYR-related in Sapajus apella (Tufted capuchin)

In other species: Japanese medaka , dark-spotted frog , Japanese wrinkled frog , Rhesus monkey , hamadryas baboon , dog , red fox , domestic ferret , domestic cat , lion , humpback whale , ass (donkey) , pig , red deer , American bison , taurine cattle , rabbit , golden hamster , Mongolian gerbil , domestic guinea pig , Japanese ratsnake , water buffalo , four-striped grass mouse , ocelot gecko , American mink , Japanese raccoon dog , Rice frog

Categories: Pigmentation phene

Links to possible relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s) in OMIM: 203100 (trait) , 606952 (trait) , 606933 (gene)

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Considered a defect: yes

Key variant known: yes

Year key variant first reported: 2017

Cross-species summary: Congenital lack of pigment in most parts of the body. Due to a non-functional form of the enzyme tyrosinase. Also known as Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA), Acromelanism and as the Himalayan coat-colour pattern

Molecular basis: Galante Rocha de Vasconcelos et al. (2017): c.64C>T; p.R22*

Associated gene:

Symbol Description Species Chr Location OMIA gene details page Other Links
TYR Sapajus apella NW_022436974.1 (12429630..12326669) TYR Homologene, Ensembl , NCBI gene


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WARNING! Inclusion of a variant in this table does not automatically mean that it should be used for DNA testing. Anyone contemplating the use of any of these variants for DNA testing should examine critically the relevant evidence (especially in breeds other than the breed in which the variant was first described). If it is decided to proceed, the location and orientation of the variant sequence should be checked very carefully.

Since October 2021, OMIA includes a semiautomated lift-over pipeline to facilitate updates of genomic positions to a recent reference genome position. These changes to genomic positions are not always reflected in the ‘acknowledgements’ or ‘verbal description’ fields in this table.

OMIA Variant ID Breed(s) Variant Phenotype Gene Allele Type of Variant Source of Genetic Variant Reference Sequence Chr. g. or m. c. or n. p. Verbal Description EVA ID Year Published PubMed ID(s) Acknowledgements
355 Coat colour, albinism TYR nonsense (stop-gain) Naturally occurring variant c.64C>T p.(R22*) 2017 28476152

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2017). OMIA:000202-9515: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


2017 Galante Rocha de Vasconcelos, F.T., Hauzman, E., Dutra Henriques, L., Kilpp Goulart, P.R., de Faria Galvão, O., Sano, R.Y., da Silva Souza, G., Lynch Alfaro, J., de Lima Silveira, L.C., Fix Ventura, D., Oliveira Bonci, D.M. :
A novel nonsense mutation in the tyrosinase gene is related to the albinism in a capuchin monkey (Sapajus apella). BMC Genet 18:39, 2017. Pubmed reference: 28476152. DOI: 10.1186/s12863-017-0504-8.

Edit History

  • Created by Frank Nicholas on 11 May 2017