OMIA:000202-8410 : Coat colour, oculocutaneous albinism type I (OCA1), TYR-related in Glandirana rugosa
In other species: domestic cat , taurine cattle , dog , rabbit , water buffalo , ass (donkey) , Japanese medaka , American mink , humpback whale , domestic ferret , pig , domestic guinea pig , Tufted capuchin , dark-spotted frog , Rice frog , lion , Mongolian gerbil , red fox , hamadryas baboon , red deer , Japanese raccoon dog , Japanese ratsnake , ocelot gecko , golden hamster , American bison , Rhesus monkey , four-striped grass mouse
Categories: Pigmentation phene
Links to MONDO diseases: No links.
Mendelian trait/disorder: yes
Considered a defect: no
Key variant known: yes
Year key variant first reported: 2018
Cross-species summary: Congenital lack of pigment in most parts of the body. Due to a non-functional form of the enzyme tyrosinase. Also known as Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA), Acromelanism and as the Himalayan coat-colour pattern
Molecular basis: Miura et al. (2018) reported a likely causal variant for albinism as c.1127G>A; p.Gly376Asp
|Symbol||Description||Species||Chr||Location||OMIA gene details page||Other Links|
|TYR||Glandirana rugosa||-||no genomic information (-..-)||TYR||Ensembl|
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WARNING! Inclusion of a variant in this table does not automatically mean that it should be used for DNA testing. Anyone contemplating the use of any of these variants for DNA testing should examine critically the relevant evidence (especially in breeds other than the breed in which the variant was first described). If it is decided to proceed, the location and orientation of the variant sequence should be checked very carefully.
Since October 2021, OMIA includes a semiautomated lift-over pipeline to facilitate updates of genomic positions to a recent reference genome position. These changes to genomic positions are not always reflected in the ‘acknowledgements’ or ‘verbal description’ fields in this table.
|OMIA Variant ID||Breed(s)||Variant Phenotype||Gene||Allele||Type of Variant||Source of Genetic Variant||Reference Sequence||Chr.||g. or m.||c. or n.||p.||Verbal Description||EVA ID||Inferred EVA rsID||Year Published||PubMed ID(s)||Acknowledgements|
|813||Albinism||TYR||missense||Naturally occurring variant||c.1127G>A||p.(G376D)||2018||28674275|
Cite this entry
|2018||Miura, I., Tagami, M., Fujitani, T., Ogata, M. :|
|Spontaneous tyrosinase mutations identified in albinos of three wild frog species. Genes Genet Syst 92:189-196, 2018. Pubmed reference: 28674275 . DOI: 10.1266/ggs.16-00061.|
- Created by Frank Nicholas on 04 Sep 2017
- Changed by Frank Nicholas on 04 Sep 2017
- Changed by Frank Nicholas on 31 Mar 2020