OMIA 000439-9940 : Hair, long in Ovis aries

In other species: domestic cat , goat , golden hamster , dog , rabbit , cattle , ass , domestic guinea pig , llama , Arabian camel , alpaca

Possibly relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s)s (MIM numbers): 190330 (trait) , 165190 (gene)

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Considered a defect: no

Key variant known: no

Cross-species summary: Long hair = angora

Species-specific description: This phene includes references to studies involving genetically modified organisms (GMO).

Hu et al. (2017): "generated 3 FGF5 knockout sheep via the 1-step clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/Cas9 system. Sequencing analysis confirmed that mutations in the FGF5 gene existed in all germ lines of 3 founders: besides the intact sequence, 3 kinds of deletions in the FGF5 gene (including 5, 13, and 33 bp) were detected. The changes in the primary and senior structure of the FGF5 protein due to the 3 deletions in founders suggested that the FGF5 protein was dysfunctional. In addition, the expression level of intact FGF5 mRNA in heterozygous individuals decreased compared with the wild types (P < 0.01). Functionally, we discovered that wool length in founders was significantly longer than in wild types (P < 0.05)."

Associated gene:

Symbol Description Species Chr Location OMIA gene details page Other Links
FGF5 fibroblast growth factor 5 Ovis aries 6 NC_056059.1 (95668983..95690859) FGF5 Homologene, Ensembl, NCBI gene


2017 Hu, R., Fan, Z.Y., Wang, B.Y., Deng, S.L., Zhang, X.S., Zhang, J.L., Han, H.B., Lian, Z.X. :
RAPID COMMUNICATION: Generation of FGF5 knockout sheep via the CRISPR/Cas9 system. J Anim Sci 95:2019-2024, 2017. Pubmed reference: 28727005. DOI: 10.2527/jas.2017.1503.

Edit History

  • Created by Imke Tammen2 on 27 Aug 2021
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 27 Aug 2021