OMIA:000201-42413 : Coat colour, agouti in Peromyscus polionotus (oldfield mouse)

In other species: gray wolf , coyote , dog , red fox , domestic cat , leopard , ass (donkey) , horse , pig , Arabian camel , llama , Western roe deer , impala , taurine cattle , goat , sheep , rabbit , tassel-eared squirrel , North American deer mouse , Mongolian gerbil , meadow voles , domestic guinea pig , alpaca , leopard cat , Kodkod , Colocolo , Asiatic golden cat , Northern mole vole , Eurasian water mole

Categories: Pigmentation phene

Possibly relevant human trait(s) and/or gene(s)s (MIM numbers): 611742 (trait) , 600201 (gene)

Links to MONDO diseases: No links.

Mendelian trait/disorder: yes

Considered a defect: no

Key variant known: no

Cross-species summary: This locus, ASIP, encodes the agouti signalling protein, a peptide antagonist of the melanocyte-stimulating hormone receptor (MC1R), which is the product of the extension locus. As explained by Schneider et al. (PLoS Genet 10(2): e1004892; 2015), "The most common causes of melanism (black coat) mutations are gain-of-function alterations in MC1R, or loss-of function alterations in ASIP, which encodes Agouti signaling protein, a paracrine signaling molecule that inhibits MC1R signaling".

Species-specific description: Wooldridge et al. (2022) scored pigment traits in Peromyscus polionotus albifrons "and performed targeted resequencing in 168 mice. We find that pigment variation is strongly associated with an ∼2-kb region ∼5 kb upstream of the Agouti signaling protein coding region. Using a reporter-gene assay, we demonstrate that this regulatory region contains an enhancer that drives expression in the dermis of mouse embryos during the establishment of pigment prepatterns. Moreover, extended tracts of homozygosity in this Agouti region indicate that the light allele experienced recent and strong positive selection."

Genetic engineering: Unknown
Have human generated variants been created, e.g. through genetic engineering and gene editing

Cite this entry

Nicholas, F. W., Tammen, I., & Sydney Informatics Hub. (2022). OMIA:000201-42413: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) [dataset].


2022 Wooldridge, T.B., Kautt, A.F., Lassance, J.M., McFadden, S., Domingues, V.S., Mallarino, R., Hoekstra, H.E. :
An enhancer of Agouti contributes to parallel evolution of cryptically colored beach mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 119:e2202862119, 2022. Pubmed reference: 35776547. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2202862119.

Edit History

  • Created by Imke Tammen2 on 28 Nov 2022
  • Changed by Imke Tammen2 on 28 Nov 2022